Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

BOWLING, GREAT WESTERN ROAD, GLENARBUCK HOUSE INCLUDING SUNDIALLB14409

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
01/05/1979
Local Authority
West Dunbartonshire
Planning Authority
West Dunbartonshire
Parish
Old Kilpatrick
NGR
NS 45320 73778
Coordinates
245320, 673778

Description

Early 19th century. 2-storey and attic, 3-bay, rectangular-plan Neo-classical mansion house; large, 2-storey service and accommodation block to rear (divided into 2 dwellings between front and rear). Diagonally droved, painted ashlar; rendered to sides and rear; raised ashlar dressings; raised margins; droved basecourse; corniced eaves course. Pedimented, tripartite windows to principal elevation. Prominent 2-storey bowed end bays with large tripartite bay windows to ground and 1st floors; classical architraves at ground level. Plain raised margins to side and rear openings.

S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: symmetrical. Central Roman Doric portico; plain, unfluted columns on low, square stone plinths; corniced abacus to head. Doric entablature of rounded guttae below moulded triglyphs; plain rectangular modillions to underside of projecting, banded cornice. Wooden, 4-panel double storm doors with 10-pane fanlight above. Tripartite, pedimented windows flanking portico; 4 large, plain dentils to base of pediment; stone mullions with moulded acanthus and horizontally fluted details; projecting, shouldered cill with raised, banded border and vertical fluted detailing. 2-storey bowed bays to either side. 3 windows to 1st floor; 2 segmentally arched, lead-roofed, 2-light rectangular dormers to attic.

W ELEVATION: 8 bays (arranged 3-5, between main house and service block). Bowed, 2-storey bay to far right; tripartite windows to ground and 1st floor (blind left-hand window at 1st floor). 2 later 20th century doorways to left of bowed bays (right-hand doorway originally a window); 1st floor window above right-hand doorway with piended boxed dormer to attic. Windows to ground and 1st floor of 3 service block bays to right; window to penultimate bay to left at ground floor (originally doorway). Single openings to far left bay, at upper ground floor and 1st floor.

N ELEVATION: 5 bays. Central doorway; 2 small windows to right, window to far left at ground floor. 1st floor window to penultimate bay left, small window to right.

E ELEVATION: 8 bays (arranged 2-6, main houseto left and service block to right). Bowed 2-storey bay to far left; tripartite window to 1st floor (3rd light now blocked). Long, tripartite stair window to right bay of main house at 1st floor; ground floor window, off-centre right with small light to left. Irregular fenestration to service block; doorway to penultimate bay to right.

INTERIOR: access not obtained, 2004.

12-pane, timber sash and case windows (some 4-light and 16-light); lattice paned stair windows. Piended and conical roofs to main house; U-shaped, double ridge roof to service block; semi-conical roofs to bowed side bays; piended to main house. 2 corniced ashlar ridge stacks to main house; 2 to W service block; 1 to right service block. New circular clay cans. Timber panelled door; 10-light, chequered timber fan light.

SUNDIAL: located on lawn to S of main house. Plain stone baluster column on round moulded base; Doric capital supporting square platform; copper, arabesque moulded dial.

Statement of Special Interest

Glenarbuck House is a finely detailed and prominently positioned mansion house, overlooking the North Clyde Estuary. The house and lands were designed and built for Gilbert Hamilton, provost of Glasgow in 1792. He aquired the Glenarbuck estate in the late 18th century, and built this mansion house soon after. The house is in a popular neo-classical design, with similar examples of the porticoed entrance with bowed projections being found at Ibroxhill in Govan (the site of which is now occupied by the House for an Art Lover in Bellahouston Park) and Househill in Paisley. During World War II, a small military camp of Nissan huts is known to have occupied the land to the north of Glenarbuck House, between the main house and the Great Western Road. The estate of Glenarbuck was originally larger, stretching further south to meet Dumbarton Road in Bowling, with two entrance points at the E and W corners of the estate. A lodge sat at the E entrance, with what may have been 2 cottages sitting at the W entrance. A walled garden also sat to the SW of the house, next to the stables (see separate listing). Of this only the stables and the N part of the walled garden have survived, the rest being removed to make way for the Great Western Road. A replacement lodge was built at the new E entrance which is now a private dwelling with no access to the main house, and a later gateway built to the W. The estate is now separated from the busy Great Western Road by a dense bank of trees and bushes.

Glenarbuck House lies within the amenity zone for the Antonine Wall recommended in D N Skinner The Countryside of the Antonine Wall (1973), and which will form the basis of the buffer zone, yet to be defined, for the proposed Antonine Wall World Heritage Site.

References

Bibliography

1st edition ORDNANCE SURVEY map, (1860). Smith, Mitchell & Buchanan, THE OLD COUNTRY HOUSES OF THE OLD GLASGOW GENTRY (1878), p51. J Gifford & F A Walker, BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND: STIRLING AND CENTRAL SCOTLAND (2002), p627. F A Walker & Sinclair, NORTH CLYDE ESTUARY RIAS GUIDE (1992), p15.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/06/2022 11:39