Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

70 MAIN STREET, TOWNEND COTTAGE, INCLUDING WALLED GARDEN, ENTRANCE GATEPIERS AND GATESLB14366

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/04/1971
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Planning Authority
South Ayrshire
Parish
Symington (S Ayrshire)
NGR
NS 38147 31590
Coordinates
238147, 631590

Description

Late 18th to early 19th century; probably incorporating mid 18th century fabric; later additions. 3-bay 2-storey and attic villa with 2-door semi-elliptical entrance porch, curved panelled doors; later single storey wings to L and R; raised to 2 storeys at L, conservatory to R, both 1963; 2 canted dormers with central bipartite box dormer. Base course; band course; eaves course and quoins; tabbed windows surrounds, cornices to ground floor; centrally-raised parapet. Coursed whinstone; grey polished ashlar dressings.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: some later additions.

Original timber sash and case glazing (12-pane, 15-pane to ground). Grey slates; straight skews; tall, corniced ashlar end stacks with distinctive moulded clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: classical scheme in place. 2 good chimneypieces (1 reputedly of Adam design, from Charlotte Square); dining room niches; cornicing; cantilevered stone stair with cast-iron balustrade and mahogany handrail.

WALLED GARDEN: rectangular structure to rear of house; random whinstone rubble with sandstone quoins and margins to openings; some lean-tos along periphery. Inscribed lintel '17 RB 43'.

GATEPIERS AND GATES: distinctive panelled ashlar carriage entrance gatepiers (2 large and 2 small, all painted) with pointed pyramidal caps, conical cartstones at base; cast-iron gates (2-leaf and 2 single gates) with lower fretwork panels, vertical spearheads above.

Statement of Special Interest

The house is thought to have been built as a dower-house for the nearby Townend House (separately listed), also of early 19th century date. The dated lintel in the walled garden was probably reused from an earlier building on the site. The former stables, adjacent to the house, were converted into a small dwelling in the 1960s. The other additions from this period, made for Sir William Coats, are in keeping with the original property. The house presents an attractive elevation and the elegant porch is probably a Regency addition made at the same time as the wings, circa 1819. The walled garden is marked on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map and is most likely contemporary with the house.

References

Bibliography

Marked on 1st edition OS map of 1858. Michael Davis CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF AYRSHIRE (1991) p390. Robert Close AYRSHIRE AND ARRAN (1992) p52.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/11/2018 00:37