Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

CHALFONT, FORMERLY NEWTON MANSELB14178

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/09/1979
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Newton
NGR
NT 32157 69591
Coordinates
332157, 669591

Description

1804. 2-storey with attic, 3-bay rectangular former manse with single storey pavilions flanking, now with modern additions. Pointed and vermiculated sandstone to main elevation, coursed rubble to sides, pavilions and rear; projecting ashlar margins and cills. Skew-gabled. Banded with iron and tension screws at 1st floor, eaves and parapet level. (See Notes).

SW (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: stone step with low shaped walls flanking, slightly projecting architraved door surround with projecting rectangular pediment above to centre bay; heavy, ornately carved timber door deeply inset, rectangular fanlight with 7-lights and curved in-fills above; window to each flank with single window to right return; thick band course meeting side margins; 3-bays to 1st floor; eaves course with partially concealed low parapet containing iron gutter box above; 3 Carron lights to roof; stone chimney stack with projecting neck copes and 5 low cans to each gablehead. LEFT PAVILION: arch top window with projecting margins to centre; glazed, timber single-storey extension with flat roof to left. RIGHT PAVILION: arch top opening in-filled to allow for rectangular window, wall heightened to 1 ?-storeys with overhanging slab coping concealing roof terrace and orange flat-roofed extension.

NW ELEVATION: blind wall adjoining single storey pavilion and later wood and glazing flat-roofed extension.

NE (REAR) ELEVATION: not fully seen, 2000; although later flat-roofed single-storey extension to right, with boarded opening to left return; pair of gabled dormers with Carron light between to attic storey

SE ELEVATION: pavilion heightened to form garage and flat-roofed "terrace" extension above, harled and painted orange; metal rollered garage door with orange metal girder above, half glazed modern door to left at ground floor; blind storey above with window to upper right, concrete wall marked to resemble blockwork; irregular modern fenestration to left return.

10-pane (9-pane upper light with single pane lower light) sash and case windows to front elevation and right return; 12-pane arch top sash and case window to left pavilion, plain 12-pane window to right pavilion; mixed modern glazing to others. Piended slate roof to main house with piended dormers and Carron lights to rear, hipped slate roof with metal ridging to left pavilion, flat roof to heightened right pavilion. Metal rainwater goods to left of house and to concealed cast-iron gutter box.

INTERIOR: much altered, 2000.

Statement of Special Interest

Situated on a track named "The Backs" which is a right of way from The Cockatoo public house to Harelaw. It was built as a replacement for the original 1749 manse. The Minister, Reverend Thomas Scott, accepted it in 1803. It consisted of the house and its own 7-acre glebe valued at ?5 per acre. The minister started cultivating the glebe and discovered a coal seam, which he started to use. Mr Wauchope, who owned rights to coal in the area decided this rivalled his own business and took the minister to court so he could obtain rights to the manse's coal. The legal case, SCOTT V. WAUCHOPE, set a precedent in Scotland and was widely publicised for reference. The court found in favour of Scott, who eventually sold his rights to the coal to Wauchope for ?2,500 at 5% annual interest, giving the minister an annual income of ?125, which was nearly double his annual salary. Like the houses at nearby Millerhill, the manse has iron bands held together by tension screws at first floor and eaves level. This was to protect the structure when the coal seams were being extracted from under the properties in the late 1930's. The manse remained in use by the ministers of Newton Parish Church until 1968, when a newer replacement was built on land adjacent to the church itself. The older manse then became named Chalfont and passed into private hands. Since then, the original plan has been lost due to modern alterations and extensions to the single storey wings. The multi-faced sundial that stood near the entrance is no longer there.

References

Bibliography

Andrew and Mostyn Armstrong, MAP OF THE THREE LOTHIANS (1773) showing Chalfont's predecessor; George Montgomery, A HISTORY OF NEWTON PARISH (1984) pp.29-31; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN (1995) p.127.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 14/11/2018 18:05