Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Upper North Water Bridge over the North Esk River, near BridgendLB13892

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
18/06/1972
Last Date Amended
31/08/2016
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Planning Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Marykirk
NGR
NO 65266 66139
Coordinates
365266, 766139

Description

A 3-span, ribbed segmental arched bridge over the North Esk, which dates from the 16th century bridge, repaired 1669 and repaired and widened in 1841-42 by John Gibb, Engineer. It is constructed from squared and coursed rubble with ashlar dressings. There are 5 square ribs of dressed stone to the intrados. It has triangular cutwaters and the parapet has railings.

Statement of Special Interest

Upper North Water Bridge is a fine and rare example of a 16th century bridge and is very rare example of a bridge with ribbed arches. With 3 wide segmental arches, the bridge is significant in size and is a prominent feature in the rural landscape. The scale of the bridge and its stonework detailing demonstrates its historical importance as a principal thoroughfare.

Age and Rarity

Upper North Water Bridge was built in the 16th century, sometime between 1520 and 1590. The Old Statistical Account (1791-99) attributes its construction to John Erskine of Dun (1508-1591). Erskine was a friend of John Knox, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Scotland, and Erskine himself was a religious reformer who was appointed superintendent of the reformed church of Scotland for Angus and Mearns in 1560. Paxton et al. dates the bridge to the 1520s (2007, p.62) because of its similarity in design and construction with the Bridge of Dee at Aberdeen, which is dated 1520 and 1523 (LB20068). Both bridges have ribbed arches, which is a rare construction detail. Paxton asserts that both bridges were built under the aegis of Bishop Gavin Dunbar by Thomas Franche, master mason, to the design of Alexander Galloway Minister of Kinkeld, although this attribution refutes the Old Statistical Account.

Since its construction the bridge has been repaired and widened, and the extent of the 16th century and 19th century fabric is now unclear. In 1669, David Erskine of Dun (descendant and successor of John Erskine) repaired the bridge and petitioned Parliament to make it a toll bridge in order to keep it in good repair (to the southwest of the bridge is a circa 1800 tollhouse, which is listed separately at category C, LB11172). The new Statistical Account of Marykirk Parish, written in 1842, describes the bridge as being repaired in the summer of that year. It is likely that this work including the widening of the bridge including the cutwaters. The previous list description, written in 1972, credits the repair and widening of this bridge to the Aberdeen engineer, John Gibb.

Buildings erected before 1840 which are of notable quality and survive predominantly in their original form have a strong case for listing. Pre-18th century bridges are rare and listed examples in Angus and Aberdeenshire include the 13th century Brechin Bridge (LB22549) and the aforementioned Bridge of Dee in Aberdeen. Other bridges date from the end of the 18th century, such as the Bridge of Dun (LB4677) and Lower North Water Bridge (LB16330).

Architectural or Historic Interest

Technological excellence or innovation, material or design quality

The bridge has good stonework detailing from the 16th and 19th century. Of particular interest are the 5 dressed stone, square ribs to each segmental arch, a rare construction detail.

John Gibb (1776-1850) was a civil engineer whose work includes harbours, bridges, roads, lighthouses and railways. He was a close associate of the renowned engineer Thomas Telford after working with him on the reconstruction of Aberdeen Harbour (1809-1816).

Setting

The bridge is a prominent feature in the landscape and is visible from the A90. This major road is carried on a 20th century river crossing that superseded the Upper North Water Bridge.

Regional variations

The bridge shows similarities with the Bridge of Dee in Aberdeen, suggesting a regional preference for ribbed arches.

Close Historical Associations

There are no known associations with a person or event of national importance at present (2016).

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2016. Previously listed as 'Upper North Water Bridge' in both Marykirk Parish, Angus and Logie Pert Parish, Aberdeenshire. Formerly a Scheduled Monument, scheduled on 06/10/1970 and descheduled on 26/03/2014.

References

Bibliography

Canmore: http://canmore.org.uk/ CANMORE ID 35883

Printed Sources

New Statistical Account (1834-45) Account of 1834-45 Vol XI: Craig and Logie Pert parish, County of Forfar. p.268

New Statistical Account (1834-45) Account of 1834-45 vol.11 p.297 : Marykirk, County of Kincardine. p.302.

Old Statistical Account (1791-99) Account of 1791-99 vol.IX: Logie Pert, County of Forfar. p.53-54.

Paxton R. and Shipway J. (2007) Civil Engineering heritage: Scotland Highlands and Islands. London: Thomas Telford Ltd. p. 62-3.

Royal Commission on the Ancient & Historical Monuments of Scotland, CANMORE, Upper North Water Bridge http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/35883/ [accessed 03/04/2014].

Skempton, A. (ed) (2002) Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers Vol. 1 1500-1830 - John Gibb London: Thomas Telford Publishing. p.248-250.

Warden, A. J. (1881) Angus or Forfarshire, the land and its people, descriptive and historical. Dundee. p.234.

Online Sources

Cameron, A. C (1899) The History of Fettercairn, Chapter XXI—Bridges, Fords, and Ferries. Paisley [available at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/fettercairn/chapter21.htm] [viewed on 2/03/2014].

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Images

Upper North Water Bridge, looking southwest, with trees to at the edge of the river, during daytime on a sunny day.
Upper North Water Bridge, looking east, during daytime

Map

Map of Upper North Water Bridge Over The North Esk River, Near Bridgend

Printed: 21/11/2018 11:46