Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

WOODHOUSELEE POLICIES, ARCHWAYLB13513

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
18/03/1993
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Glencorse
NGR
NT 23712 64422
Coordinates
323712, 664422

Description

Archway, earlier-mid 19th century. Near symmetrical, garden folly, designed as ruin, with central stilted arch (voussoirs only, no superstructure), wing walls to either side. Random rubble masonry, with sculptured stones of various dates and sources, later wrought-iron gate with thistle details.

N ELEVATION: (facing modern bungalow) sculptured stones set to left of archway: square armorial panel, from Woodhouselee, dated 1657, with the (worn) motto of Sir William Purves of Abbeyhill, "VNTO YE RICHTIOVS THERE/ ARISETH LIGHT IN DARKNESS" (NMRS photograph shows panel less worn); triangular pediment at wallhead, with heraldic device, inscribed "BEATVS VIR QVI SPERAT IN DNO, 1450" ('blessed are they that trust in the lord' see notes). To right; 2 steeply-pitched triangular pediments above windows, that to left with armorial and "AP ES" inscription (for Park of Fulfordlies and his wife); that to the right with initials "RN and MN (for Robert and Margaret Napier of Wrichtshouses), inscription "PATRIAE ET POSTERIS, 1513" (see notes). Close to arch jamb, a narrow arched niche with 2 sculptured stones inset (much worn, provenance unknown): figurative above, possibly Virgin and Child (date uncertain); below a Greek inscription, much worn ("to God alone the glory").

S ELEVATION: to left of archway: single steep-pitched triangular pediment with bold relief armorial and inscribed with initials "AMA"; 2 semi-circular pediments to left, set back-to-front; lower left at base skewputt sundial. To right: plain rubble wall.

Statement of Special Interest

One of 3 surviving listed structures in the designed landscape of Woodhouselee policies (former stable and Fraser Tytler memorial listed separately). Wrichtshouse, demolished in 1800 was a Scottish Renaissance U-plan villa on what is now Bruntsfield Links, Edinburgh. The sculptured stones from here used in the gateway were probably 17th century copies. Other fragments from Wrichtshouses can be found at the archway at St Margaret's Hope House, North Queensferry (listed in Dunfermline parish), and at Huntly House. This archaeological/ historic interest was probably instigated by Sir Walter Scott, who amassed a collection of salvaged building fragments and built many of them into his house at Abbotsford in 1824 (see Melrose Parish, Scottish Borders). Scott was a frequent visitor to Patrick Fraser Tytler at Woodhouslee. Two more fragments are on site (near modern bungalow): square armorial panel with high relief carving set into the stack of the new house in front entrance (similar to that in left of arch), shown in a NMRS photograph in situ below a dormer-headed window on new Woodhouselee House; and a triangular pediment with fine bas-relief Roman bust in profile, with the inscription below "OCTAVIVS SECONDVS ROMAN EMPERATO" (free standing), provenance uncertain. (See Former Woodhouselee Stables for further history of the site.)

References

Bibliography

OS 1st edition map (1851-53), gateway is located at end of a walk leading from the walled garden to the W (s of stables). RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MIDLOTHIAN AND WEST LOTHIAN (1929) pp72-3.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 13/11/2018 01:26