Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

64, 66 HALL ROAD, NEMPHLARLB13068

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
21/05/1991
Local Authority
South Lanarkshire
Planning Authority
South Lanarkshire
Parish
Lanark
NGR
NS 85541 44416
Coordinates
285541, 644416

Description

Later 16th century/early 17th century 2-storey bastel house (see NOTES), with later alterations and additions including 18th century forestair, mid-later 19th century wing to N with adjoining outbuildings and modern unfortunate box dormer. Grey slate roof, not original. Modern glazing throughout, all skews removed.

BASTEL HOUSE: rubble, harled (1991).

E (FRONT) ELEVATION: painted render, 3-bay, later rubble forestair to door at 1st floor with rubble leant to alongside obscuring slit openings to ground floor. Later timber porch to 1st floor doorway, flanking windows enlarged 18th-19th century with raised concrete margins, one partially blocked. Modern full-length box dormer above to attic. original entrance to vaulted basement is in N gable behind later wing.

S (GABLE) ELEVATION: original window close to crown of arch vault formerly with pair of original slit openings at low level; enlarged window at 1st floor.

INTERIOR: barrel vaulted basement with orginal features; small internal stair access to 1st floor and 5 slit windows mostly blocked. A single slit survives on W long wall; harl conceals blocked opening at upper level above.

MID-LATER 19TH CENTURY WING: 2-bay addition with adjoining 1-bay piended wing to N gable, squared rubble with contrasting cream raised ashlar dressings and deep eaves course. Door with window to right at ground level, window to lower wing. Large rubble outbuilding adjoining to N with ashlar dressings, large vehicular slapping to S.

Statement of Special Interest

A lintel dated 1607 and bearing the initials "SF" and "DL" was recently removed from a 1st floor fireplace and now forms a step in the garden. The stone gives a probable date for the house although it could be earlier. Bastel houses were stone built defensive farmhouses, unique to the Border Country of both Scotland and England, built in the late 16th/early 17th century for preotection against raiders during the lawless period in the Borders. They provided siege accomodation for livestock on the ground floor and people above, reached only by an intrnal stair or external ladder, the forestair was probably added in the 18th century when all defensive need had passed. The thick walled stone-vaulted basement provided fireproof protection for livestock. The original basement entrance in the S gable with 2 draw bar tunnels, and the basement's cobbled floor, slab and feeding troughs survived until relatively recently, sheep were the predominent livestock. The wall thickness reduces at the upper level, the roof would have been slated for additional fire protection.

Other, mostly ruinous examples of Clydesdale bastel houses have been loc ated in particularly high concentration to the west of the Clyde, including Snar (NS 862200), Glendorch (NS870188) and Glenochar (NS946139). Other examples are Windgate House (NT016273) and Carnwath Mill (NS997454); all of these examples are currently (1991) under archaeological investigation. The Nemphlar Bastel is "the star of the project to date" (Ward).

References

Bibliography

T Ward "Bastle Houses of the Anglo Scottish Borders", FORTRESS Issue 5, (May 1990) pp35-43.

Clydesdale Bastle Project "The Elusive Scottish Bastle House", unpulished report.

H G Ramm, R W McDowell, E Mercer SHIELINGS AND BASTLES RCHM (1970).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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