Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

64, 66 HALL ROAD, NEMPHLARLB13068

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
21/05/1991
Local Authority
South Lanarkshire
Planning Authority
South Lanarkshire
Parish
Lanark
NGR
NS 85541 44416
Coordinates
285541, 644416

Description

Later 16th century/early 17th century 2-storey bastel house (see NOTES), with later alterations and additions including 18th century forestair, mid-later 19th century wing to N with adjoining outbuildings and modern unfortunate box dormer. Grey slate roof, not original. Modern glazing throughout, all skews removed.

BASTEL HOUSE: rubble, harled (1991).

E (FRONT) ELEVATION: painted render, 3-bay, later rubble forestair to door at 1st floor with rubble leant to alongside obscuring slit openings to ground floor. Later timber porch to 1st floor doorway, flanking windows enlarged 18th-19th century with raised concrete margins, one partially blocked. Modern full-length box dormer above to attic. original entrance to vaulted basement is in N gable behind later wing.

S (GABLE) ELEVATION: original window close to crown of arch vault formerly with pair of original slit openings at low level; enlarged window at 1st floor.

INTERIOR: barrel vaulted basement with orginal features; small internal stair access to 1st floor and 5 slit windows mostly blocked. A single slit survives on W long wall; harl conceals blocked opening at upper level above.

MID-LATER 19TH CENTURY WING: 2-bay addition with adjoining 1-bay piended wing to N gable, squared rubble with contrasting cream raised ashlar dressings and deep eaves course. Door with window to right at ground level, window to lower wing. Large rubble outbuilding adjoining to N with ashlar dressings, large vehicular slapping to S.

Statement of Special Interest

A lintel dated 1607 and bearing the initials "SF" and "DL" was recently removed from a 1st floor fireplace and now forms a step in the garden. The stone gives a probable date for the house although it could be earlier. Bastel houses were stone built defensive farmhouses, unique to the Border Country of both Scotland and England, built in the late 16th/early 17th century for preotection against raiders during the lawless period in the Borders. They provided siege accomodation for livestock on the ground floor and people above, reached only by an intrnal stair or external ladder, the forestair was probably added in the 18th century when all defensive need had passed. The thick walled stone-vaulted basement provided fireproof protection for livestock. The original basement entrance in the S gable with 2 draw bar tunnels, and the basement's cobbled floor, slab and feeding troughs survived until relatively recently, sheep were the predominent livestock. The wall thickness reduces at the upper level, the roof would have been slated for additional fire protection.

Other, mostly ruinous examples of Clydesdale bastel houses have been loc ated in particularly high concentration to the west of the Clyde, including Snar (NS 862200), Glendorch (NS870188) and Glenochar (NS946139). Other examples are Windgate House (NT016273) and Carnwath Mill (NS997454); all of these examples are currently (1991) under archaeological investigation. The Nemphlar Bastel is "the star of the project to date" (Ward).

References

Bibliography

T Ward "Bastle Houses of the Anglo Scottish Borders", FORTRESS Issue 5, (May 1990) pp35-43.

Clydesdale Bastle Project "The Elusive Scottish Bastle House", unpulished report.

H G Ramm, R W McDowell, E Mercer SHIELINGS AND BASTLES RCHM (1970).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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