Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

MEVILLE CASTLE, WALLED GARDEN STEADINGLB12938

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
15/02/1991
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Lasswade
NGR
NT 30724 66995
Coordinates
330724, 666995

Description

Substantially earlier 19th century, incorporating mid-late 18th century buildings on site. Courtyard plan steading, much altered with 2 ranges remaining.

W RANGE, CARTSHED AND GRANARY: 2 storey with rear wall abutting walled garden. S gable and 1 bay possibly mid-later 18th century; random rubble extended by 4-bays early in 19th century as 2-storey cartshed and granary. Squared and coursed rubble with ashlar dressings. 3 cart openings at ground (relieving arches suggest formerly 2) with doors flanking. Doors and windows to loft above. Rubble coped wall with ashlar gatepier abutting NE angle. Window to N gable. Ashlar skews. Grey slates. Ruinous single storey buildings adjoining (rubble and brick) forming N wall of steading.

S RANGE: piend roofed, single 4-bay range, originally open to front, probably built between 1810 and 1831. Ashlar piers suggest built as cartshed; openings, later blocked with rubble, incorporating 2 windows. Adjoining courtyard walls with 2 large ashlar gatepiers to S. Courtyard walled to E (ranges do not survive), built between 1831 and 1841. Single storey lodge sited to W of walled garden, (derelict, 1990). Roughly square on plan, 2-bay N front; tall, piended, slate roof with central stack. Rubble with ashlar margins. Door to N; 12-pane timber sash and case window to right.

Statement of Special Interest

Formerly known as Easter Melville, sited in the SW corner of the Cowpark. Estate plans show a courtyard here from the mid 19th century which changes on each resurveyed plan. The W cartshed and granary range first appears in its present form in 18180, and probably incorporates an earlier building (see 1790 plan); this is reinforced by the masonry of the S bay. The courtyard was expanded again in 1810 and 1831, together with the S range; the N and E ranges of this period have gone. The lodge does not appear on the 1831 Estate Plan by James Hay but is shown on the plan of 1841. This lodge served a N drive through the park to Melville castle, no longer in use. A Group with Melville Castle, Chestnut House, East Lodge, Esk Cottage, Garden Cottage, Garden Farmhouse, Walled Garden and Lodge, North Lodge, South Driveway Bridge, South Lodge, and Willie's Temple.

References

Bibliography

Shown on RHP 2088, Surveyor: H Leslie (1764); RHP 2095, Surveyor:

J Wilson (1790); RHP 10598/1, Surveyor: R Drysdale (1810); RHP 10599, Surveyor: J Hay (1831), plans of Melville Estate; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN RIAS GUIDE (1995) p3O.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 12/11/2018 20:51