Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Dovecot, HMP Castle Huntly, Longforgan, near DundeeLB12869

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
05/10/1971
Last Date Amended
23/10/2015
Supplementary Information Updated
29/10/2015
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Parish
Longforgan
NGR
NO 30100 29375
Coordinates
330100, 729375

Description

Dating from the late 17th century it is a square plan pavilion type doocot constructed from rubble masonry and it lies a short distance to the northeast of the castle. There is a pointed arch entrance and a rat course between partially surviving corbelled angle turrets which incorporate flight holes. It is now roofless. There are stone nesting boxes to the interior (seen in 2014).

Statement of Special Interest

Within the history of doocots the example at Castle Huntly is of particular interest for its age. 17th century examples of surviving doocots are rare, the majority of surviving examples date from the 18th century onwards. The design of the Castle Huntly doocot is also particularly unusual. Doocots tend to be functional buildings with little embellishment, other than perhaps crow-stepped gables. The pointed arch entrance and corbelled angle turrets with flight holes design at Castle Huntly is exceptionally rare. The Castle Huntly doocot is an old and rare example of a doocot, albeit that the pyramidal roof and lantern no longer remains.

While sources state that the doocot dates from the late 17th century it is possible that the corbelled angle turrets (and pyramidal roof which no longer survives) were additions of the second half of the 18th century when the castle was being altered.

Doocots provided shelter, protection from vermin and nesting facilities for pigeons. These distinctive structures, found principally on monastic establishments and estates with large households, provided a welcome and easily caught source of meat, particularly in the winter months, while the accumulated manure was a rich fertiliser for the land. They are most common in arable areas which could provide sufficient food for the pigeons and are therefore more prevalent in the east of Scotland. Doocots largely ceased to be built after the mid-19th century when the need for them diminished, although a few decorative examples were constructed in the Edwardian period.

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2015 as part of the Scottish Prison Service Listing Review 2014-15. Previously listed as 'Castle Huntly, Dovecot'.

References

Bibliography

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland: http://www.rcahms.gov.uk/canmore.html CANMORE ID 31728

John Adair (1683) The Mappe of Straithern, Stormont, and Cars of Gowrie with the rivers Tay and Ern at http://maps.nls.uk/view/00001006

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1861, published 1867) Perthshire LXXXVIII. 6 inches to 1 mile 1st Edition. London: Ordnance Survey.

John Gifford (2007) Perth and Kinross: The Buildings of Scotland. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p.259-62.

Statistical Account (1791-99) Longforgan – County of Perth, Vol. 19. pp.468, 474-479.

New Statistical Account (1834-45) Longforgan – County of Perth, Vol. 10. pp.409-10.

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Session 1959-60, Vol. 93. pp.202-16.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 15/11/2018 06:57