Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LOCHWINNOCH VILLAGE, CALDER BRIDGE OVER RIVER CALDERLB12650

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
10/06/1971
Local Authority
Renfrewshire
Planning Authority
Renfrewshire
Parish
Lochwinnoch
NGR
NS 3546 5842
Coordinates
235460, 658420

Description

Earlier to mid 19th century. 3 segmental-arched bridge over River Calder with triangular cutwaters. Droved ashlar with ashlar buttresses, piers and parapet coping and bullfaced voussoirs. Raised parapet over central span, ramped parapet over outer arches. Flat caps to piers flanking arches. Splayed abutments with massive octagonal terminal piers.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a good example of a early 19th century bridge with fine detailing and a good landscape presence, spanning the River Calder at the entrance to Lochwinnoch village. The octagonal terminal piers are similar to those at the Garthland Bridge to the East of Castle Semple Loch (see separate listing) and the 2 bridges are likely to be of a similar date. The bridge forms an important structure in the wider, former Estate of Castle Semple.

A bridge is marked on this site in the John Thomson Atlas of 1832. Previous to this, a dotted line in 1800 John Ainslie Map marks a crossing over the River Calder at this site. The bridge is marked on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, which was surveyed in 1857 as a New Bridge and the date is therefore likely to be earlier to mid 19th century.

Castle Semple Estate has a long history, originally associated with the Semple family who built the first Castle Semple and the collegiate church (scheduled monument, 2011) around 1504. In 1727, the Semples sold the estate to a sugar plantation owner, William McDowell. McDowell began a range of land improvements to the estate, which form the basis of the current estate, including building a new Castle Semple House and landscaping the grounds. The 2nd William MacDowell continued the improvements to the estate including erecting a Temple at the deer park in Kenmuir Hill (see separate listing). The Estate was sold in 1814 to a Major John Harvey who continued to improve the landscape. The family finances declined during the course of the 19th century and the estate was sold in 1908. After this, the house was converted to apartments and the land broken up into small holdings. The House was damaged by fire in 1924 and the central portion of it demolished in the 1960s. The central section of the estate is currently a Regional Park.

List description updated, 2012.

References

Bibliography

John Ainslie Map of the County of Renfrew, (1800). John Thomson Atlas of Scotland, (1832). 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, (1863). J Hume, Industrial Archaeology, (1976) Vol 1 p216. F A Walker, The South Clyde Estuary, (1986) pf69. Stuart Nisbet, Castle Semple Rediscovered, (2009). The SCRANI Partnership, Conservation Statement and Management Proposals, prepared for Clyde Muirsheil Regional Park, (2008).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 07:12