Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

GARTHLAND BRIDGE OVER BLACK CARTLB12641

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
15/03/1983
Supplementary Information Updated
21/05/2012
Local Authority
Renfrewshire
Planning Authority
Renfrewshire
Parish
Lochwinnoch
NGR
NS 39470 60665
Coordinates
239470, 660665

Description

Dated 1767, but possibly late 18th century (see Notes). Single-span, segmental-arched bridge over Black Cart with octagonal terminal piers. Ashlar. String course; coped parapet. E elevation with central rectangular decorative datestone, inscribed GARTHLAND BRIDGE, 1767. Broad abutments splay to octagonal terminal piers.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a fine example of a late 18th century bridge, built to provide access over the Black Cart River. The octagonal piers are an interesting feature and correspond to similar piers on the Calder Bridge, to the West of Lochwinnoch (see separate listing). The bridge is a significant feature in the landscape and adds to the interest of the wider estate.

The bridge is not depicted on the estate map of circa 1785 and is noted on the John Ainslie map of 1800 as a New Bridge. It is likely that the datestone, which is in a contrasting material, predates the bridge and was originally from another structure.

Castle Semple Estate has a long history, originally associated with the Semple family who built the first Castle Semple and the collegiate church (scheduled monument, 2011) around 1504. In 1727, the Semples sold the estate to a sugar plantation owner, William McDowell. McDowell began a range of land improvements to the estate, which form the basis of the current estate, including building a new Castle Semple House and landscaping the grounds. The 2nd William MacDowell continued the improvements to the estate in the latter half of the 18th century, including erecting a Temple at the deer park in Kenmuir Hill (see separate listing). The Estate was sold in 1814 to a Major John Harvey who continued to improve the landscape. The family finances declined during the course of the 19th century and the estate was sold in 1908. After this, the house was converted to apartments and the land broken up into small holdings. The House was damaged by fire in 1924 and the central portion of it demolished in the 1960s. The central section of the estate is currently a Regional Park.

Previously listed as also being in Kilbarchan Parish.

List description updated, 2012. Category changed from A to B, 2012.

References

Bibliography

Castle Semple Estate Plan, circa (1785) (Renfrewshire Council). John Ainslie, Map of the County of Renfrew, (1800). J Hume, Industrial Archaeology, (1976) Vol. 1 p214. F A Walker, The South Clyde Estuary, (1986) pf69. Stuart Nisbet, Castle Semple Rediscovered, (2009). The SCRANI Partnership, Conservation Statement and Management Proposals, prepared for Clyde Muirsheil Regional Park, (2008). Further information from owners.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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