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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BALLOCH CASTLELB123

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Information

  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 14/05/1971

Location

  • Local Authority: West Dunbartonshire
  • Planning Authority: West Dunbartonshire
  • Parish: Bonhill
  • National Park: Loch Lomond And The Trossachs

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NS 39029 83024
  • Coordinates: 239029, 683024

Description

Robert Lugar, 1808-09. Castellated Tudor-gothic. Stugged squared sandstone, ashlar margins and dressings. String course; hoodmoulds; battlemented parapet; battered base course; blind cruciform arrowslits.

E (MAIN) ELEVATION: slightly concave 5-bay near-symmetrically elevation; lower service wing at angle to right. Porte cochere porch at centre, broad segmental arch, framed by octagonal, dome capped columns, battlemented blocking course; half-glazed door. Tripartite window above, blank plaque above; decorative corner bartizans. Tall, battlemented round tower behind, machicolated octagonal tower. Bay to left, segmental arched window at ground, 1st floor; octagonal tower, bay to outer left. Blank bay to right, windows at ground, upper floor and narrow octagonal corner tower to outer right. Lower 3-bay angled wing to right, 3 Y-traceried sash and case windows at upper floor, broad door at ground outer left, Y-traceried lancet to right ground. Round clock tower to outer right, machicolated parapet, ashlar bellcote. 2-bay battlemented return. Parapetted screen wall to castle yard recessed to outer right, 3-centred arch coach door, pedestrian door to left.

W GARDEN ELEVATION: 5-bay asymmetrical main block; 5-bay service block recessed to outer left. Octagonal tower advanced at centre, machicolated battlemented parapet; 2 doors at outer facets; bipartite at centre. Segmental-headed windows at centre at 1st floor, blind arrrowloops; tripartite round-arched window to outer facets; blind arrowloop at centre. Narrow bay to right, square tower bay to outer right; broad tripartite window at centre ground, flanking blind windows; window above left window at 1st floor, 2 window at 1st, upper floor at tower bay. Angle 2-bay block to outer left, battlemented turret with chamfered arrises to outre left, lancets at ground, 1st floor, blind 2-light lancet at upper floor. Bipartite window at ground right; window at 1st floor to right. Service wing recessed to left. Battlemented tower bay to outer left, dome capped bartizan to outer left corner, single lancet at upper floor, blank bay to right, plaque at upper level; 3 bays symmetrically disposed to right, windows at ground, upper floor.

S SIDE ELEVATION: broad tower bay to outer left, tripartite window at ground, segemental window ta 1st floor, smaller window at upper floor. 3-bay block to otuer right, tripartite round-arched window at centre ground, 3 windows symmetrically disposed at 1st floor; octagonal tower bay to outer right.

12-pane timber sash and case windows; pointed arch Y-traceried windows. Pedestalled, grouped diamond aligned chimney stacks; corniced.

INTERIOR: original and later 19th century decorative schemes; vestibule; ribbed vaulting springing from clustered colonnettes; gothic door panelling; clustered columned surround. Wooden ribbing with central wooden ceiling rosette in drawing room; decorative filigreed plasterwrok cornices. Marble fireplaces. Plain cast-iorn stair.

Statement of Special Interest

Balloch Castle was one of 3 castles built by Robert Lugar in Dunbartonshire, Tullichewan and Boturich being the other two. It was built for John Buchanan of Ardoch, an original partner in the Glasgow Ship Bank. The designs for the 3 castles were published in 1811 and were influential in the developmnet of secular Gothic style. Balloch apparently incorporates an earlier plainer building. The house is now the headquarters of Scottish National Heritage and the estate is a country park. The masonry hasa problem with efflorescence. The lodges and gatepiers are listed separately. The earthwork in the grounds marking the site of the original castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

References

Bibliography

F A Walker and F Sinclair NORTH CLYDE ESTUARY (1992), p 48. H M Colvin BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH ARCHITETCURE p 370. NSA Vol VIII p223. T Shepherd MODERN ATHENS Vol IV.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 28/08/2016 11:22