Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

FORMER KILBRIDE CHAPEL OF EASE (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND), MILLHOUSELB12083

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
20/07/1971
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Planning Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kilfinan
NGR
NR 96188 68209
Coordinates
196188, 668209

Description

1839. Rectangular-plan, gabled, Gothic Revival church. Rubble entrance elevation with ashlar dressings including straight quoins and moulded skews. Steps to Gothic, four-centred arch doorway with flanking windows. Stone-mullioned window above. Castellated, square-capped belfry at gable apex, corbelled out at base. Harled walls to sides and rear. Pointed windows, three to each side.

Statement of Special Interest

The former Kilbride Chapel of Ease, of 1839, is a good, largely unaltered example of a small Presbyterian parish church in the Gothic Revival manner with pointed-arch windows, in a remote and scenic rural setting, including a contemporary graveyard. The original plan form and profile of the Kilbride chapel are intact and the simple design recalls the early Reformation tradition of church building in Scotland.

The revival of medieval architectural forms in Britain during the early 19th century was partly a reaction to the rapidly changing industrial landscape and the perceived loss of traditional skills to machine and factory production.

The Kilbride Chapel of Ease was built on the Lamont Estate as a Chapel of Ease for those living in and around the villages in the southern part of Kilfinan parish including Millhouse, Kames and Tighnabruaich. It is located eight miles south of Kilfinnan Parish Church and three miles north of Ardlamont House (see separate listings). The scenic coastal bays of Ascog and Kilbride are also nearby to the east.

It shortly predates the Disruption of 1843 which split the Church of Scotland and was paid for by private subscription and a grant from the General Assembly's Church Extension Committee. The Kilfinan chapter of the Statistical Account of Scotland of 1841 describes the recently completed building as "neat, comfortable and commodious".

Traces of an earlier chapel dedicated to St Bride are understood to have survived a short distance to the east until 1863, though these were largely destroyed when the road was built. The square burial ground surrounding the Kilbride Church contains a variety of 19th century gravestones and markers. The building is no longer in use as a place of worship.

Change of Category from B to C and Change to Statutory Address, 2013. Previous statutory address: 'Kilbride Church of Scotland'.

References

Bibliography

The Statistical Account of Scotland, Vol.7 (1834-45) pp 366 and 369. 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1864). Hew Scott et al. (eds.), Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae: The Succession of Ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation, Vol. 4 (1915-61) p28.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 04:23