Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

ORCHARDBANK HOUSE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS AND PEDESTRIAN GATELB11391

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
11/06/1971
Local Authority
Angus
Planning Authority
Angus
Parish
Forfar
NGR
NO 44026 50207
Coordinates
344026, 750207

Description

Probably early 19th century, reworked 1846 (dated). Unusually-detailed, 2-storey, 5-bay, piend-roofed house in plantation style with Ionic doorpiece and colonial style verandah wings incorporating incised plinths added 1846, timpany gable to rear. Angus-type rubble and large quoins to N (rear elevation), harl with eaves course and quoin strips to S (principal elevation); stone cills.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: principal S elevation incorporates Ionic porch and deep-set door with decorative fanlight in bay to left of centre, further modern door to right of centre, and regular fenestration close to eaves at 1st floor. E and W elevations with 1st floor verandahs under piend roof, each with Doric columns on sandstone plinth, centre plinth inscribed '1846 ERECTED BY ALEX LINDSAY LATE OF EAST INDIES'. N elevation with large early stair window and timpany gable with blocked window.

Lying 20-pane glazing pattern to stair window and similar 16-pane pattern casement window to W elevation verandah (openings predominantly boarded up 2010). Largely small-pane glazing patterns elsewhere; all in timber sash and case windows unless stated. Out-of-character concrete pantiles and brick stacks. Some cast iron rainwater good with bearded head at SE angle of principal elevation.

INTERIOR: some good interior detail retained including 6-panelled doors, panelled shutters and reveals, architraves and shallow wall cupboards; moulded cornices and decorative plasterwork ceiling rose. Sideboard arch to 1st floor drawing room and cantilevered staircase with decorative ironwork balusters.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIER AND GATES: coped rubble boundary walls, some drystone. Square-section, flat-coped gatepier and 2-leaf decorative ironwork gates adjoining SW angle of house.

Statement of Special Interest

Orchardbank is an unusual example of an early 19th century house remodelled into a plantation house with unusual colonial style additions, reflecting the architecture of the East Indies as recorded on the incised plinths which read '1846 ERECTED BY ALEX LINDSAY LATE OF EAST INDIES'. Other external architectural detail of some quality includes the fine Ionic-columned doorpiece together with the decorative fanlight.

Examples of colonial architecture in Scotland are rare, with the connection to Indo-Britain more often demonstrated in isolated detailing such as exotic carved stonework at the Pineapple, Dunmore (see separate listing). Orchardbank House is the only known house to interpret the grand plantation style. The Bungalow or Nabob style house appears rarely in estate architecture but is on a smaller scale.

Mapping evidence shows a large courtyard steading immediately south of the house which itself probably dated from the early 19th century but may be earlier. The raised site would have overlooked open countryside to the south with the Loch of Forfar at the rear just beyond the brow of the hill. Current access to the house is via a track at the west which appears from the early maps to be the original route. Over time the land to the east and south has been absorbed into an industrial estate but the site of the house and garden appears to be little altered.

The surviving interior detail evidences the early origins of Orchardbank, and is sufficient to indicate a building of some quality. The house is currently (2010) empty with the windows boarded over.

Lindsay is a common family name in the Forfar area.

References

Bibliography

1st and 2nd edition Ordnance Survey maps (1857-62, 1898-1902).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/11/2018 22:14