Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

THE HORN FARMHOUSE AND STEADINGLB10956

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
05/10/1971
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Parish
Errol
NGR
NO 24823 26124
Coordinates
324823, 726124

Description

Late 18th century with additions, David Neave, 1820. 2-storey, 4-bay, piend-roofed, solid clay-wall farmhouse incorporated into large steading with classically-detailed dovecot. Harled clay with stone margins; squared rubble, some droved dressings. Chamfered arrises.

FARMHOUSE:

SE (ENTRANCE AND STEADING COURTYARD) ELEVATION: part-glazed boarded timber door to right at ground and window to left, 4 windows close to eaves at 1st floor. Cartshed and granary adjoining to left, barn with hayloft range and single storey bothy to right.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: 2 windows to ground in centre and left bays, and further window to 1st floor left (all openings small).

4- and 12-pane glazing patterns in timber sash and case windows, except 1st floor NW with plate glass casement window. Grey slates. Coped brick stacks with thackstanes and some cans.

STEADING: slated, coursed and squared rubble with droved ashlar and squared rubble dressings.

W COURTYARD:

W (DOVECOT, CARTSHED AND GRANARY) RANGE: classical piended S elevation with full-height corniced pilasters and dormer pediment with arched recess containing consoled and corniced door, and 3-tier dovecot with bowed alighting ledges and round-headed flight holes. E elevation with 5 square-headed cart arches below granary openings close to eaves, stone forestair and boarded timber loft door to left.

E RANGE: 2 broad piended bays; that to left with door to right and vertically-astragalled 3-light (leaded?) window below boarded timber hayloft opening with timber canopy and door to left. Single storey bay to right with window and further opening obscured by vegetation. Blank S elevation.

IMPLEMENTS SHED: to S of above courtyard. Slated brick range with semicircular windows to W and open E elevation with cast-iron columns, decorative centre dormered bay.

FURTHER RANGES: variety of rubble cattle courts and various ranges (some altered) to W and S, including horsemill (not seen 2000).

Statement of Special Interest

The farmhouse is an unusual and impressive example of this construction type, normally restricted to single storey structures. Melville records a Latin inscription worded "A mud building is a defence" over the main door. The lands of 'Westhorn' belonged to the 12th century Cupar Abbey with the following insertion in the 15th century Rental Book "Westhorn - At Pentecost 1465 the half part of Westhorn of Kerso is let for 5 years to Robt Kors, for annual payment in money, cocks, hens and services, as before". The last Abbot ( prior to the Reformation) of Cupar, Donald Campbell, pre-empted forthcoming events when he disposed by Feu Charter dated 8 January, 1558 "The Toun and Lands of Westhorn ... and teinds thereof to Henry Brown and Marion Scott, his wife, in liferent, and James Brown their son, in fee". By 1776 the proprietors were the 'Fraternity of Masters and Seamen in Dundee'.

References

Bibliography

DUNDEE ADVERTISER (May 12, 1820). Fenton and Walker THE RURAL ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND (1981), p81. Melville ERROL (1935), p160.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 23:15