Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

18 INVERESK VILLAGE, THE MANOR HOUSE WITH SOUTH PAVILION, DOVECOT, ICE HOUSE, RETAINING WALLS, GATES AND GATEPIERSLB10935

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
22/01/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Inveresk
NGR
NT 34825 71907
Coordinates
334825, 671907

Description

Dated 1748. 3-storey and basement, 7-bay classical villa

with 19th century stairtower addition. Tooled, heavily

pointed cream sandstone rubble to NE elevation, darker

stone to sides and rear; squared and coursed sandstone

stairtower; rusticated quoins, keystones, bracketed

cills and cornice.

NE ELEVATION: 3 centre bays advanced, with pediment

proud of main eaves line; Gibbsian door surround at head

of stone steps with simple wrought-iron balustrade, open

pediment cradling acorn. Basement and ground

floor windows in flanking bays (1 basement window

blinded), and regular fenestration to each bay at 1st

and 2nd floor. Elaborate monogram in typanum flanked by

date; pediment stack and decorative urn finials. Regular

windows in each recessed, paired outer bay, at each

floor. Stairtower at E angle.

SW ELEVATION: 6-bay, arranged 2-2-2. Regular

fenestration to each floor; door enlarged from window to

left of centre bays, with modern timber stair. Cills of

ground floor windows to centre and left bays lowered,

earlier 19th century.

SE ELEVATION: gable lines of former 19th century

additions apparent; blinded 2nd floor window; stairtower

to right corner.

NW ELEVATION: line of former 19th century additions to

basement evident, with door; 2 1st floor windows, and 1

2nd floor at centre.

STAIRTOWER: 1-bay square, full-height tower with

openings detailed similarly to principal elevation.

3 square panels to exposed faces, 2 bearing inscriptions

(EPH III 14.21, and PSALM 127.1). Door to SW elevation

originally internal door to further 19th century

additions (since removed). Blind windows to NE

elevation. Piend roof with finial.

12-pane glazing patterns in sash and case windows (some

original glazing retained), and horizontal-pane glazing

pattern in lengthened windows at rear. Coped and

panelled stacks. Grey slate piend roof with lead

flashings and swept eaves.

INTERIOR: much original decoration retained. Flagstoned

basement; kitchen recess; wine cellar. Keystoned

passage arches. 18th century pine panelling. Scale and

platt stair with panelled treads. Unorthodox, ornate

plasterwork, circa 1820, to comb ceiling over stairwell.

Ground floor drawing room re-decorated circa 1820 with

shell niche, plaster cornices; classically ornamented

chimneypiece. Late 19th century chimneypieces to several

bedrooms. Mural over-door panels to 2nd floor bedroom

and landing, of landscapes and marine scenes, probably

18th century. Mural frieze to 2nd floor landing more

amateur, probably earlier 19th century, possibly

William Kirk. Cantilevered stone stair in stairtower.

S PAVILION AND QUADRANT: 1 of pair of earlier 18th

century ogivally-roofed rectangular plan, 2-storey

pavilions; recently restored. Sandstone rubble, harl-

pointed; ashlar dressings; some chamfered arrises. Stone

forestair to NE elevation with stone balustrade. 1 1st

floor window retained on NW elevation, 5 blocked.

Bipartite inserted to each floor of SW elevation.

Blocked windows at ground to SE and wallhead stack. 12-

pane glazing pattern to sash and case windows. Grey

slates to ogival roof with scalloped flashings.

Quadrant linking pavilion and house; squared and snecked

sandstone with ashlar coping and dressings; recesses

flanking keystoned gateway, with keystones and bracketed

cills (see above).

DOVECOT: 2-storey, rectangular plan, currently roofless

(1989) dovecot, converted later to garden house, and

sited in S corner of garden. Sandstone rubble with

ashlar dressings; cornice; chamfered arrises to door.

Boarded door with small-pane fanlight. 1st floor windows

breaking former eaves, walls lined with stone nesting

boxes.

ICE HOUSE: 18th century in falling ground to SW.

RETAINING WALLS, GATES AND GATEPIERS: sandstone rubble

retaining walls with quadrants to roadside; early 19th

century rusticated and corniced ashlar gatepiers (1

incised "The Manor House") with sizeable mid 18th

century urn finials; pedestrian gateway to N; decorative

wrought-iron gates. Brick wall to garden with decorative

wrought-iron gate.

Statement of Special Interest

The most imposing of the Inveresk villas, built for

Archibald Shiells whose monogram is in the tympanum.

Shiells evidently moved or died soon after completion of

the house, as the Advertisement held in National Library

MS, indicates. The early Title Deeds are lost, but from

1846 the ownership can be traced through Archibald

Spence, Lady Mary Oswald, 1848, to Lord Gilbert Kennedy,

and thence the Wauchope family, until Dr John

Bartholomew, geographer, in recent years. The design of

the house undoubtedly influenced that of Oak Lodge to N.

The pavilions are very similar to the earlier pavilions

by James Smith at Yester House and Traquair. 19th

century mural painting in Easter Whitehouse, Inveresk

Village, has been signed by William Kirk, and it is

possible that the work at the Manor House was also by

him, dating to the early part of the century.

References

Bibliography

NMRS plans. MLD/41/4; MLD/46/1-5, N Jankowski, 1943, and

S Tyrowicz, 1946.

National Library of Scotland. MS3812, Folio 5.

G W Burnet HISTORY OF INVERESK VILLAGE pp4-5.

C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978) pp266-7.

Bernard Thorpe and Partners, Sale Catalogue, June 1982.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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