Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

SMEATON HOUSE (KNOWN AS SMEATON HOME FARM) WITH GARDEN WALLSLB10924

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
27/11/1990
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Inveresk
NGR
NT 34787 69689
Coordinates
334787, 669689

Description

Remains of early 18th century Classical house,

attributed to James Smith, originally 3-storey, U-plan

opening to E, with round towers to corners of W

elevation. Less than half original design remains (S

half), as 2-storey house and 3-storey tower, with later

alterations and additions; vaulted ground floor.

Sandstone rubble, harl-pointed; ashlar dressings; base

course and moulded cornice.

2-STOREY BLOCK: original S wing extended sympathetically

to N at E end, possibly in 19th century. Small original

windows to vaulted ground floor, and several later and

altered windows to each elevation. 4 bays to S, irregular

fenestration; 2 bays to E (that to right in later

extension) with windows to each floor, left window at

ground floor considerably enlarged. E elevation with

projecting extension to outer left, windows to each

floor, and door on return elevation to W; flush panelled

door. lean-to bay at centre with window to each floor.

Advanced bays to outer right built-up from curtain wall

remains, and given flat-roof, rendered and lined with

modern window and further, secondary door. W elevation

with tower to outer right, and 2 closely grouped bays to

2-storey house to left; altered openings, blinded in bay

to left.

TOWER: round tower with rectangular stairblock adjoined.

Door at foot of stairblock. Later windows inserted to W

elevation; blinded arrow slits to stairblock to S.

Conical and piend roofs.

Small-pane glazing pattern to sash and case windows.

Grey slates to piend roofs; lead flashings. Rendered

stacks.

CURTAIN WALLS AND NW TOWER REMAINS: curtain wall remains

of W elevation to ground floor height, with openings

(some blocked); ashlar coped. Low portion of 2nd

tower retained to NW, converted as outbuilding with

flat-roof.

GARDEN WALLS: sandstone rubble walls with ashlar and

semi-circular coping, extending from S elevation to S.

Statement of Special Interest

Built as East Park House, currently also known as

Smeaton Home Farm. James Smith was working at Dalkeith

Palace for the Duke of Buccleuch from 1702, and it is

probably that he also designed the 'summer residence' in

the landscaped grounds. Tait records Boyse's description

of the Duke of Buccleuch's retreat from the Palace at

SW, to 'lovely Smeaton', where 'greatness wearied with

its rooms of state, Finds oft the secret charms of a

retreat'. Pococke, from a visit in 1760, revealed the

Duke's routine of sleeping at Smeaton while dining at

Dalkeith (where the market gardens were renowned). The

existence of a vaulted basement suggests that an earlier

building was incorporated in the early 18th century

design. The house is marked on the 1852 OS of

Edinburghshire as Smeaton Dairy. Smeaton House lodge and

gatepiers, and the cottages, stables and cartshed of

the Home Farm, are listed separately. John Adam is

reported to have visited the House to inspect for

necessary repairs in June 1752.

References

Bibliography

William Adam VITRUVIUS SCOTICUS Plates 81, 82, plan

and elevations, East Park House.

SRO plans RHP 9520 (1718) and RHP 9521 (1759).

R Pococke TOURS IN SCOTLAND (1887) p312.

A A Tait THE LANDSCAPE GARDEN IN SCOTLAND (1980) pp40-41.

THE WORKS OF THE ENGLISH POETS xiv, p568. Poem by Boyse,

1732.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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