Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

BARNES CASTLE OR BARNEY VAULTSLB10823

Status: Removed

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
B
Date Added
05/02/1971
Date Removed:
14/12/2015
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Haddington
NGR
NT 52861 76551
Coordinates
352861, 676551

Removal Reason

Dual designation

Description

Late 15th century. Apparently commenced as a prestigious fortified grange. Extensive remains comprising low structure with vaulted understorey within fortified exterior, arranged formally around courtyard. Rectangular plan, approx 160 ft (49 m) by 125 ft (38 m), walls now 14 ft (4.3 m) high maximum. Random rubble, mostly whinstone, quoins (where surviving) of dressed sandstone, window and gun loop margins (where surviving) dressing and tooled, with window grill-slots visible. Relieving arches over all openings.

Square towers project externally from 4 corners with vestiges of intermediate towers, between, 2 on NW elevation, 1 on SE, 1 on SW apparently original entrance to courtyard. Only 2 towers to NW retain vestige of second storey. Carved gunloops cover every angle of the exterior wall.

Statement of Special Interest

There is uncertainty about the story of this unusual structure, whose formal layout is apparently highly advanced for its date in Scotland. Martine states that it was commenced by Sir John Seton of Barnes to fortify the grange of "a religious establishment in time of anarchy" and, indeed, it still finds some use as a untidy agricultural store. John Seton died in 1494 (1594??) and evidence suggests that work ceased on his death and never proceeded beyond the basic level still visible. Scheduled Monument.

References

Bibliography

C McWilliam, LOTHIAN (1978), p 93. J Martine, REMINISCENCES AND NOTICES OF 14 PARISHES IN THE COUNTY OF HADDINGTON (1890), p 115. RCAHMS INVENTORY (1924), Item 71.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/10/2019 23:14