Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

FOULDEN CHURCH (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND) INCLUDING GRAVEYARD, BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS, GATES AND MOUNTING STONELB10485

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
09/06/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Foulden
NGR
NT 93095 55772
Coordinates
393095, 655772

Description

Rebuilt 1786 on site of earlier structure, with later additions and alterations; vestry added 1934. Rectangular-plan, plain gothic church with gabled belfry to W; raised, crenellated parapet to E; gabled vestry projecting to SW; burial enclosure adjoined to S. Tooled sandstone rubble (squared in part); predominantly droved rubble dressings. Stepped, gabletted buttresses dividing bays in part to N and S. Quoins; long and short surrounds to pointed-arched, chamfered openings. Stone tracery.

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 6-bay. Principal block with buttresses at centre and off-set to right. Pointed-arched entrance to outer right with nookshafts flanking boarded timber door; blocked, quatrefoil opening aligned above. 4, Y-traceried windows set in pairs between buttresses in bays to left. Projecting vestry to outer left with single window centred in gable end. Rectangular-plan burial enclosure adjoined to front with low, coped walls; decorative iron railings with fleur-de-lys finials and barley-twist uprights; iron pedestrian entry gate.

E (SIDE) ELEVATION: crenellated gable end with Y-traceried window at centre; flanking quatrefoil openings. Vestry recessed to outer left with single window off-set to left of centre. Flat-roofed projection recessed to outer right.

N (REAR) ELEVATION: 3-bay. Y-traceried windows in all bays; buttresses flanking centre. Flat-roofed projection off-set to left centre.

W (SIDE) ELEVATION: gable end with Y-traceried window at centre (trefoil motif in infilled upper); plain hoodmould; inscribed, rectangular panel at ground to right. Gabled belfry surmounting gablehead with bell inscribed 'For Fuldin Kirk 1704'; bell rope in place. Later vestry adjoined to right with boarded timber door off-set to left of centre; trefoil motif above; pointed-arched, columnar surround.

Predominantly diamond-pane leaded glazing; stained border glazing to W window. Grey slate roof; sawtooth-coped sandstone skews to W; scroll-bracketed skewputts.

INTERIOR: Tudor gothic decorative scheme in place. Boarded timber dado panelling throughout; plain plaster walls to S and W; rubble walls to N and E. Tudor-arched ceiling with architraved ribs; decorative springers; circular vents. Raised chancel to W with timber panelled screen at centre; timber communion table, chairs and font; earlier sandstone font; stair accessing polygonal timber pulpit. Timber pews. Full-width, 5-bay former laird's loft to E comprising Tudor-arched, arcaded screen with decorative circular spandrel motifs and full-width foliate frieze framing 3-bay central opening; linenfold mouldings in balcony fronts; infilled outer bays with basket-arched doors at ground (entrance/porch to right). Vestry with boarded timber dado panelling; plain plaster walls; 2-leaf timber panelled door accessing nave.

GRAVEYARD: near rectangular-plan graveyard with various 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th century gravestones including table-top monuments, recumbent stones, classically-detailed stones, earlier examples with memento mori; family burial enclosure to S.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATES: coped rubble walls enclosing site (mutual with tithe barn in part). Corniced, square-plan, sandstone gatepiers flanking entrance to W; surmounting lamps; 2-leaf iron gate.

MOUNTING STONE: stone treads to substantial mounting stone adjoining outer elevation W wall, to S of entrance.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. Set to the S of Foulden Tithe Barn - see separate list entry. A well-detailed church, said to have been built on the foundations of its mediaeval predecessor. The 1856-58 OS Name Book notes how the N and S walls are supported by buttresses '...recently added to prevent them from falling.' In 1896, Robson recorded 3 buttresses on each wall - these have since been reduced to 2. The railed burial enclosure adjoining the S wall was that of the Wilkie family, owners of Foulden House (now demolished), principal landowners in the parish and therefore, principal heritors. The most significant gravestone in the yard is that commemorating George Ramsay, dated 1592 (a recumbent stone to the S of the E end of the church). The nearby former manse is listed separately - see 'Church House'. The sandstone font inside the church was found at the nearby 'Nunlands' in 1871 - see separate list entry.

References

Bibliography

Blackadder's map, 1797 (evident). STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1794) pp119-120. NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (completed 1834, published 1845) pp264-265. Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 62, Book 21, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1857 (evident). RUTHERFURD'S SOUTHERN COUNTIES' REGISTER AND DIRECTORY (1866, reprinted 1990) pp635-636. J Robson THE CHURCHES AND CHURCHYARDS OF BERWICKSHIRE (1896) pp116-119. RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS & CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF BERWICK (1916) pp89-90. G Hay THE ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTTISH POST-REFORMATION CHURCHES 1560-1843 (1957) p252. I Lusk 'John Wilkie of Foulden, 1806-1884', HISTORY OF THE BERWICKSHIRE NATURALISTS' CLUB, Vol 45, Part 3 (1992) pp222-225. G A C Binnie THE CHURCHES AND GRAVEYARDS OF BERWICKSHIRE (1995) pp249-256. NMRS photographic records.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 15/11/2018 15:01