Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NW 99355 69133
199355, 569133


Late 17th century. Ruins of house. Originally composed of two 2-storey rectangular-plan ranges to E and W, linked by screen walls to N and S. Remains of gabled N range and N screen wall. Rubble, originally lime-washed. Originally crowtepped and thatched. Lintelled openings with rubble surrounds. 2 compartments to interior, with larger hall to N; divided by a mid-gable, with doorway to W and fireplaces to N and S. Segmental-arched mural window recessed in E and W walls of hall, flanking mid-gable; fireplace and aumbry to N gable.

Aumbries in N and W walls of smaller chamber; window embrasure to S gable.

Remains of late 17th century N screen wall adjoined to NE. Rubble. Later weathering course and coped wallhead. Original segmental-arched opening; rubble voussoirs and sandstone blocks in jambs.

Fragmentary remains of E wall of E range.

WALLED GARDEN: 19th century. Square-plan. Rubble. Bowed projection at centre of E wall. Situated to E of Balsarroch House.

Statement of Special Interest

Balsarroch House was presumably built by one of the Campbells, who possessed the lands of Balsarroch during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The property passed to the family of Ross in the early eighteenth century; the Arctic voyagers, Rear-Admiral Sir John Ross (1777-1856) and Sir James Clark Ross (1800-1862) were descendants of the Rosses of Balsarroch. Balsarroch House was still roofed and

intact in circa 1916. A detailed description and plans are given in

Smith's "Balsarroch House, Wigtownshire". Smith states that

"Balsarroch represents the earliest surviving non-defensive/non tower-like generation of buildings associated with middle-ranking

lairds in western Galloway... this is the first that has been recognised in south-west Scotland".

A sundial from the property has been removed to Stranraer Museum.



P H M'Kerlie HISTORY OF THE LANDS AND THEIR OWNERS IN GALLOWAY Vol I (1870) pp127-128, Vol II (1877) p202. A Agnew THE HEREDITARY SHERIFFS OF GALLOWAY (1893) Vol II pp202-203. COUNTRY LIFE 11 July 1914 pp70-71. C H Dick HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS IN GALLOWAY AND CARRICK (1916) pp352-353. I M Smith "Balsarroch House, Wigtownshire" TRANSACTIONS OF THE DUMFRIESSHIRE AND GALLOWAY NATURAL HISTORY AND ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY Vol LX, 1985, pp73-81. NMRS: photograph A3239 (nd); record sheet

WGR/9 (1985); plan DC3426 (1984).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 26/04/2019 00:53