Inventory Garden & Designed Landscape

LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)GDL00268

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
01/07/1987
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Kirkmaiden
NGR
NX 9890 42846
Coordinates
209890, 542846

A very attractive landscape containing fine gardens with a notable plant collection, a category A listed Queen Anne house, and parkland and woodland that makes an important local scenic contribution.

Artistic Interest

Level of interest
Outstanding

The layout of the policies established by James and Agnes McDouall and their successors gives the garden outstanding value as a Work of Art.

Historical

Level of interest
High

Logan has high Historical value based on its associations with the McDouall family for some 700 years.

Horticultural

Level of interest
Outstanding

The collection of plant material established by the McDouall family gives Logan outstanding Horticultural value.

Architectural

Level of interest
Outstanding

The landscape has outstanding Architectural value as it provides the setting for a category A listed building.

Archaeological

Level of interest
Not Assessed

Scenic

Level of interest
High

The designed landscape has high Scenic value by virtue of the contrast which the park and woodland provide in the surrounding landscape.

Nature Conservation

Level of interest
Some

The habitats provided by the deciduous woodlands give some Nature Conservation value.

Location and Setting

Logan House is situated on the southern peninsula of The Rhinns of Galloway some 9 miles (14.5km) south of Stranraer. The B7065 runs along the eastern boundary of the site linking Port Logan with the main A716 to the north. The peninsula is some 14 miles long and 3 miles wide. Surrounded on three sides by the sea, The Rhinns enjoy a mild climate tempered by the influence of the Gulf Stream from the west. The soil is loamy peat and sand. Logan House lies at approximately 100' above sea level and the surrounding landscape is flat agricultural land. From the house there is an extensive panoramic view across Luce Bay to Galloway in the east, south to the Lake District and south-west to the Mourne Mountains of Ireland. The designed landscape is moderately significant in the local scenery; the house with its woodland backdrop can be seen from the B7065.

Logan House is situated in the centre of some 796 acres (322ha) of designed landscape which extends north-east to the A716 and south-west to Port Logan Bay. Comparison of General Roy's map of c.1750 with the 1st & 2nd edition OS maps of c.1860 and 1900 shows that the designed landscape was extensively expanded between the 1750s and the mid 19th century.

Some 14 acres (5.7 ha) of the designed landscape is now managed as an annexe of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, and is the subject of a separate report (q.v.).

Site History

The present landscape structure was laid out in the late 18th/early 19th century and development of the components within has continued since the late 19th century.

The lands of Logan, originally called Balzieland, have belonged to the McDouall family for some 700 years. Dougal McDouall was granted the lands in 1295. Sir Herbert Maxwell noted that they were the only family in Galloway of Pictish origin. The early records of the family history were lost, together with the original castle, in a fire in 1500; the remains of this castle stand in the walled garden. A new charter was procured by Patrick McDouall in 1504. Subsequent historical records are not concise; 180 years later, Robert McDouall built the pier and applied to the Privy Council for a licence to develop Port Logan.

The present house was built in 1702. Colonel Andrew McDouall made many improvements to the estate in the late 18th and early 19th century. The structure of the present designed landscape was established by c.1860 (the date of the 1st edition OS map). It was further developed by James McDouall and his wife Agnes, great- aunt of the present owner, shortly after their marriage in 1869. They commissioned David Bryce to alter the house. Much of the plant material for the gardens, in particular roses and lilies, came from Mrs McDouall's family home, Smeaton Hepburn in East Lothian. Their sons, Kenneth and Douglas, continued to develop the gardens. Inspired by their mother, they travelled extensively and brought plants back from abroad.

On the death of Mr Kenneth McDouall in 1945, the Estate was inherited by Sir Ninian Buchan-Hepburn, the present owner. Between 1949-1970 the house and garden were owned by Mr Olaf Hambro but managed by his Trustees. During this period, the walled garden was gifted to the Secretary of State for Scotland to be managed as an annexe to the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. The house, stripped of its Victorian additions, was restored to its original Queen Anne proportions but not exactly reproducing the original. Logan today is continually under development by Sir Ninian Buchan-Hepburn, who bought back the house, garden and policy woodlands in c.1970.

Landscape Components

Architectural Features

Logan House, listed category A, is a fine Queen Anne house completed in 1702; earlier construction can be identified in the cellar. The house was subject to extensive additions by David Bryce in 1874 which left only the original back wall exposed. These additions and the wings of the 18th century house were removed in 1949.

Statues of Owls stand on the terrace next to Logan House. Stone Owls were salvaged from the demolition of the Victorian house. Stone urns stand on the terraced walls to the east of the house.

Parkland

The parkland lies to the east and west of the central axis of woodland and garden which forms the core of the landscape. The parks were laid out c.1800 and were extensively improved between 1870 and 1920. The loch in the Dam Park was enlarged in 1901 it is now obscured from the house by alder. Monkey puzzle trees (Araucaria araucana), of about 100 years old, line the edge of the pond. The park is now largely open pasture with occasional clumps of trees and a few individual specimens. The clumps of trees are composed largely of beech with some oak, dating from about the 1870 period. The number of clumps has been reduced since c.1910. The park immediately west of the house has been developed as part of the woodland garden. The north drive approaches the house along the edge of Dam Park. The east drive, now diverted to provide vehicular access to the Botanic Garden, cuts through the park from the B7065.

Woodland

The woodlands are of particular importance at Logan due to the shelter they provide from the prevailing westerly winds. The original, predominantly beech, woodlands of c.1800 are now in decline. However, beech remain in an area to the north of the house, to the east on Court Hill Plantation and to the south in Glen Plantation. Some hardwood replacement has taken place and most of the larger woodlands, particularly in the north of the site, have been planted with mixed conifers since the last war. Broadleaved belts have been left to regenerate and have been replanted along some edges. A picturesque walk called The Primula Walk runs through the southern woodlands to the shore at Logan Fish Pond which is carpeted with Primulas during the spring. The walk is bordered by rhododendrons, mostly planted in the early 19th century.

The Gardens

Formal grass terraces provide a setting to Logan House and an effective transition between Logan House and the woodland garden. A raised terrace was created at the east front of the house in c.1949 using masonry from the Victorian front of the house which was demolished at that time.

Walled Gardens

The Walled Garden is situated to the south of Logan House and incorporates the area which was the kitchen garden but was converted by Mr Kenneth McDouall to provide habitats for his most tender plants. It was gifted to the Secretary of State for Scotland in 1969 and is managed as Logan Botanic Garden which is the subject of a separate report.

References

Bibliography

Sources

Printed Sources

C. Hussey, CL, Aug 5th 1954

GC, Aug 17th 1901

The Garden, Aug 30th 1924

New Statistical Account 1845

Sir Ninian Buchan-Hepburn - Logan House, Guidebook

G.A. Little, 1981

A. Mitchell, Tree Survey 1979

Groome's

Listings

NMRS Photographs

About the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes

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Images

LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)
LOGAN HOUSE (BALZIELAND)

Printed: 10/12/2019 05:57