Inventory Garden & Designed Landscape

ASCREAVIEGDL00030

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
01/07/1987
Date Removed:
24/07/2017
Local Authority
Angus
Planning Authority
Angus
Parish
Kirriemuir
NGR
NO 33241 57111
Coordinates
333241, 757111

A mid-19th century designed landscape most notable for its 20th century garden additions by the famous plant hunter George Sheriff.

Main Phases of Landscape Development

Mid-19th century and 1950-1978.

Removal Reason

This designed landscape no longer meets the criteria for inclusion on the inventory as a garden and designed landscape of national importance

Importance of Site

A site included in the Inventory is assessed for its condition and integrity and for its level of importance. The criteria used are set out in Annex 5 of the Scottish Historic Environment Policy (December 2011). The principles are represented by the following value-based criteria and we have assigned a value for each on a scale ranging from outstanding value to no value. Criteria not applicable to a particular site have been omitted. All sites included in the Inventory are considered to be of national importance.

Work of Art

Value
Little

Ascreavie has a little value as a Work of Art in its present form.

Historical

Value
Little

Ascreavie has a little Historical value due to its association with George Sherriff.

Horticultural, Arboricultural, Silvicultural

Value
Outstanding

The plant material associated with the Sherriff and Ludlow expeditions gives Ascreavie outstanding Horticultural value.

Architectural

Value
Little

The designed landscape provides the setting to the house and has a little Architectural value.

Scenic

Value
Little

Ascreavie makes a little contribution to the surrounding scenery.

Nature Conservation

Value
Little

The small woodland shelterbelt gives Ascreavie a little Nature Conservation value.

Archaeological

Value
Not Assessed

Location and Setting

Ascreavie is situated on the southern edge of the lower foothills of the Grampian Mountains between the 689' (210m) and 919' (280m) contours, overlooking the Vale of Strathmore. The gardens lie about 1 mile (1.5km) north of Kirkton of Kingoldrum off the B951, and some 4 miles (6km) north of Kirriemuir. The soil is peaty and the altitude provides good climatic conditions for growing rhododendrons. There are long views to the south and south-west across the valley. There are no significant views into the gardens.

Ascreavie House is set to the east of the designed landscape and is surrounded on the west and north by a shelterbelt. There is little documentary evidence apart from the 1st & 2nd edition OS plans, which show the layout of the first 19th century garden on the site. There are 49 acres (20ha) of the designed landscape today.

Site History

Much of the structure planting was undertaken during the mid-19th century but the significant gardening around the house took place between 1950-1978.

The Ascreavie policies were owned by the Ogilvy family of Ascreavie during the 18th and early 19th centuries. By 1867 the property was owned by the Youngs of Ascreavie and the new house was commissioned in c.1860. The house and grounds were sold in the 1940s to the Bertram Mills family (of circus fame) and they sold it in 1949, along with 260 acres, to Major and Mrs George Sherriff. Major Sherriff had undertaken several plant collecting expeditions to the Himalayas before World War II, and began gardening at Ascreavie using many of the plants which he had gathered during his expeditions, especially rhododendrons and Primulas. Details of the journeys have been well described in the book 'A Quest of Flowers - The Plant Explorations of Frank Ludlow and George Sherriff' by Harold R. Fletcher. Major Sherriff died in 1967 and Mrs Sherriff died in 1978, after which the property was sold to the Hon N.H.E. Hopkinson. In 1983 the Hopkinsons sold the house, garden and 30 acres to Mr & Mrs Lauder who have generously donated many of the rare rhododendrons collected by Major Sherriff, to the Dundee Botanic Gardens.

Landscape Components

Architectural Features

Ascreavie House was designed by William Scott of Dundee, a pupil of the Edinburgh architect, George Angus, in the mid-1850s. There are several garden Ornaments and Stone Urns, one of which is dated 1717. They were probably brought to Ascreavie by the Sherriffs. The old Kennels and other buildings are all used for storing garden materials. A Cottage is built on to the kitchen garden walls.

Parkland

The small area of parkland to the south and east of the house is planted out with several clumps of broadleaved trees including oak, beech and a good copper beech dating from c.1850. Recent planting has been confined to the field to the south of the house where several unusual trees were planted by the Sherriffs. The field is now let for grazing.

Woodland

There are extensive tracks of woodland between the Ascreavie policies and the moorland to the north. They have been replanted with conifers within the last 50 years. The small shelterbelt to the north and west of the house, protecting the garden, is planted mainly with conifers: Lawson cypress, Douglas fir and larch, some dating back to the mid-19th century. Broadleaved trees, especially oak, were planted in the glades by the Sherriffs. Between the drive and the kitchen garden they also planted another new shelterbelt, mainly of beech. Along the drive they also planted several exotic trees, in particular, species of Acer and Sorbus, including a Sorbus aria variegata.

The Gardens

The Sherriffs planted the garden around the house. Many of the smaller Rhododendrons and herbaceous plants were planted out on the formal terraces to the south of the house. All over the garden small troughs, sinks and other containers were filled with alpine plants, many of which have since gone.

The shelterbelt was carefully thinned to provide very attractive glades where Rhododendrons could flourish under the protection of the tree canopy. Narrow walks meandered through the glades, which were planted out with many interesting and unique species Rhododendrons, particularly those with attractive leaves. Other acid- loving small trees and shrubs were also selected for their unusual qualities and planted to show off their form. The garden gradually expanded northwards up the slope as the collection grew. Further small terraces were planted up and more winding walks showed off the plants. The Primulas were mainly grown in a special garden near the house. An unusual beech and Lawson cypress hedge marked the end of the garden. To the east, another glade of the large leaved Rhododendrons led towards the kitchen garden.

The conditions for each plant were carefully chosen or contrived, and it must have been a delightful and very special 'connoisseurs' garden. There were too many noteworthy plants to identify here but the following illustrate the range: Tropaeolum speciosum, a large Daphniphyllum macropodum, Daphne 'Rosetti', Rhododendron tsariense, R. longistyllum, a good specimen of R. campylocarpum, R. lapponicum triflorum, a magnificent plant of R. orbiculare, two large Eucryphia glutinosa and a fine Himalayan birch (Betula jacquemontii).

Walled Gardens

The kitchen garden appears on the 1st edition OS map as a kitchen/flower garden and it is still partly used today. Walls protect it on three sides and a low holly hedge runs along the south section. In the centre, a circular yew hedge leads to a pair of red cherry hedges (Prunus pissardii 'Atropurpurea') divided by a hedge of Rosa spinosissima dating from the Sherriffs' time. There is still a glasshouse and some fruit trees along the walls. Recently most of the garden has been allowed to run down.

References

Bibliography

Sources

Printed Sources

G.A. Little, 1981

About the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

The inventory is a list of Scotland's most important gardens and designed landscapes. We maintain the inventory under the terms of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We add sites of national importance to the inventory using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the inventory record gives an indication of the national importance of the site(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the site(s). The format of records has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Enquiries about development proposals, such as those requiring planning permission, on or around inventory sites should be made to the planning authority. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications of this type.

Find out more about the inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 12:55