Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 24893 73315
324893, 673315


CJ Phipps, 1883, with later alterations and extensions, including . 3-storey classical theatre; blocking course and mansard-roofed attic to 5-bays to Grindlay Street and 1st bay to left in Cornwall Street. cream-painted stucco, channelled to Grindlay Street and 1st bay to Cornwall Street. Dividing band between ground and 1st floors; modillioned eaves cornice. Giant Corinthian pilasters between bays from 1st floor. Later brick fly tower.

SW (GRINDLAY STREET) ELEVATION: slightly advanced 3-bay pedimented centrepiece: ground floor obscured by later glazed foyer (see Notes); corniced windows to 1st floor, aproned round-headed windows to 2nd; engaged Corinthian columns flank centre bay, Corinthian pilasters outer bays; ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE carved in blocking course; Diocletian window in moulded surround in pediment; pediment surmounted by lyre. Corniced windows in moulded surrounds to 1st floor in flanking bays; pedimented windows flanked by Corinthian pilasters to 2nd. Narrow windows flanked by Corinthian pilasters in outer bays.

SE (CORNWALL STREET) ELEVATION: slightly advanced bay to outer left: high base course; 2-leaf glazed timber door in round-arched surround flanked by channelled pilaster strips; corniced, aproned window to 1st floor, pedimented window flanked by small Corinthian pilasters to 3rd. Remaining bays (with mezzanine levels) plainly treated.

INTERIOR: glass foyer (see Notes) with ground floor arcade on channelled piers to rear. Marble-floored inner foyer; compartmented ceiling; decorative plasterwork with anthemions and urns; chimneypiece with pedimented mirror over; 2-leaf timber panelled doors to curved bar space. Auditorium: 3 horseshoe-shaped balconies supported by slim fluted cast-iron columns with gilded foliate capitals; 3 boxes to each side of proscenium at 1st balcony level, divided by cast-iron columns with Corinthian columns; decorative gilded plasterwork to circular roof, coffered ceiling, pilasters, balcony fronts and frame to consoled proscenium arch; painting in tympanum (Apollo and the Muses) by Ballard.

Statement of Special Interest

Lit by electricity from its outset in 1883, the Royal Lyceum Theatre is an excellent example of C J Phipps's skill as a theatre architect. Designed in a classical style in keeping with the predominant architecture of the city, it was built at a cost of £17,000 for John B Howard and Frederick W P Wyndham, who would later form the famous theatre owning and production company, Howard & Wyndham Ltd. It has an imposing and grand street elevation of cream-painted stucco with giant Corinthian pilasters to the first and second floors. There are three tiers of horseshoe-shaped balconies in the auditorium supported by finely detailed cast-iron columns, and the decoration is classical to match the exterior. A single-storey glass extension erected in 1986 by architects Simpson & Brown as part of a wider renovation project provides foyer and box-office space.

Charles John Phipps (1835-1897) was born in Bath and began his practice there shortly before moving to London, where he remained based for the rest of his career. He is likely to have studied theatre design on the continent as part of his training and he became best known for his theatre commissions. A catastrophic fire at his Theatre Royal in Exeter in 1887, where around 150 people lost their lives, damaged his career in later life.

The 1st theatre in Britain to be fitted with an iron safety curtain. Opened with Henry Irving and the London Lyceum Company in 'Much Ado About Nothing', 'Hamlet' and 'The Merchant of Venice'. Refurbished 1977 (Edinburgh District Council). Important Edinburgh Festival venue.

List description updated as part of the Theatres Thematic Study 2010.



Dean of Guild 15th March 1883. Peter SCOTLAND'S SPLENDID THEATRES (1999) pp 31-36. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) p261. (accessed 23 March 2010).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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