Scheduled Monument

Temple Wood,stone circles and cairns 330m SW of Nether LargieSM90300

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
14/12/1994
Type
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain); stone circle or ring
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kilmartin
NGR
NR 82647 97847
Coordinates
182647, 697847

Description

The monument, much of which has been excavated and reconstructed, comprises the remains of two stone circles (with timber predecessor) and later burial cairns. The earliest phase of activity is represented in the NE by a timber setting of at least 6 posts (now marked by circular concrete markers); this was later replaced (in about 3000 bc) by a setting of at least 5 stones on the same spot (rectangular markers), although this may never have been completed. This circle was dismantled in prehistory and covered by a layer of cobbles. The SW circle (actually ovoid on plan) is now the main feature of the site and originally consisted of 22 uprights up to 1.6m high. Two of the stones have carvings on them; one has double spirals (reminiscent of Irish Passage Grave Art) on two faces. Another stone was reused to fashion an incomplete millstone. Two small kerbed cairns with inhumation burials were erected outside the circle on the NE and W. Inside the circle were further burials, including two adjacent kerbed cairns with cremations. Smaller orthostats were subsequently used to fill gaps in the surrounding circle forming a revetment for a larger cairn which covered the earlier cairns. The area to be scheduled measures 130m from NE to SW by up to 40m transversely to include the stone circles and cairns and an area around in which associated remains may survive.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it represents the remains of important Bronze Age field monuments, albeit largely reconstructed, which retain well'defined field characteristics. The stone circles, of which these are the only two in the area, are part of a larger Neolithic and Bronze Age 'ritual landscape' in Kilmartin Valley which includes nearby stone settings, a chambered cairn and a Bronze Age linear cemetery. This monument therefore continues to have the potential to provide information about Bronze Age ritual and funerary practice and to contribute to a wider understanding of the development of Neolithic and Bronze Age society.

References

Bibliography

The monument is RCAHMS number NR 89 SW 71 and is number 228 in the RCAHMS Inventory for Mid Argyll, published in 1984.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Temple Wood Stone Circles

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/kilmartin-glen-temple-wood-stone-circle

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 10/12/2018 18:41