Scheduled Monument

Caerlaverock Castle and Old Castle,castles,courtyards and harbourSM90046

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
24/01/1995
Type
Secular: castle; castle
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Caerlaverock
NGR
NY 2537 65469
Coordinates
302537, 565469

Description

The monument consists of the two castles of Caerlaverock, the old and the new, along with the surviving earthworks associated with the two buildings and the site of the harbour associated with the old castle.

Caerlaverock Castle was the stronghold of the Maxwells, wardens of the West March in the later Middle Ages. The first castle was built by them in about 1220. It is lozenge-shaped on plan and sits on a low mound surrounded by a silted-up moated ditch. It was stone built, possibly supported on oak piles. It is flanked by extensive banks and ditches of enclosures or yards to the SW and NE. The site of its harbour lies to the SW, in woods between the old castle and the present edge of the River Solway.

The old castle was abandoned about 1270, when the present castle was erected. The new castle is an archetype of a medieval stronghold, with its water filled ditch crossed by a bridge leading to a heavily defended gatehouse and into the inner court of the castle. It is approached from the NE, through a round-arched gate of stone set in the boundary of the outer court, now defined by a low bank. The castle's triangular plan is unique in Scotland, and is dominated, at the N apex, by the entrance, a double round-towered gatehouse, which provided the lordly lodging. The curtain wall which forms the triangle is provided with a round tower at each of the two remaining angles. A range of stone buildings was built against each of the curtain walls. The W range dates from the 15th century and the fine Nithsdale Lodging was built against the S and E walls in 1634.

Caerlaverock was abandoned after a seige in 1640 which badly shattered the castle and left it a ruin.

The area to be scheduled measures a maximum of 920m NS by 590m EW, to include both castles and their outer courtyards as well as the remains of the harbour associated with the first castle. The area is outlined in red on the accompanying map. Modern field boundaries are excluded.

(NB Caerlaverock Old Castle was formerly index no. 90047)

References

Bibliography

No Bibliography entries for this designation

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Caerlaverock Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/caerlaverock-castle

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/01/2019 19:20