Scheduled Monument

The Mound, motte, Grange of BarrySM6566

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: motte
Local Authority
NO 53322 34712
353322, 734712


The monument comprises the remains of a motte of early medieval date surviving as an earthen mound.

The monument lies in a walled enclosure adjacent to arable farmland at around 35m OD. It comprises the remains of a motte, an artificial mound on which would have been built a timber castle. The surviving mound is some 12m high with a level summit measuring approximately 13m by 14m.

Mottes originated in the twelfth century when they were built both by the Scottish aristocracy and by incoming Anglo-Norman families, marking the principal centres of newly defined estates.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the motte and an area around it defined by a relatively recent stone dyke. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 40m NW-SE by 35m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of medieval settlement and economy. It may be expected to contain information on earth and timber castle building techniques.



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 53 SW 10.


Name Book (County) Original Name Books of the Ordinance Survey, Book No. 10, 23.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 29/05/2020 02:12