Scheduled Monument

Crinan Canal,Crinan to CairnbaanSM6500

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
04/09/1996
Type
Industrial: bridge, viaduct, aqueduct; dock, harbour, lock; inland water; light, warning, signal
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
North Knapdale
NGR
NR 79736 92669
Coordinates
179736, 692669

Description

The monument comprises a stretch of inland waterway forming part of the Crinan Canal running from the sea-lock (lock number 15) at Crinan eastward to the summit reach immediately E of lock number 9. The canal was designed by John Rennie, and built c 1794-1809 as a ship canal linking the two sea lochs, Crinan and Gilp.

The area proposed to be scheduled includes all that part of the canal in water together with all of the towpath running along the N and NE banks and a narrow strip of ground to either side of the canal and towpath. The following canal structures are also included in the proposed scheduled area:

[1] remains of original sea-lock at Crinan basin;

[2] concrete sea-lock (lock number 15), built to replace [1] above;

[3] light tower at entrance to Crinan sea-lock;

[4] lock number 14;

[5] two-arched masonry overflow E of Crinan basin;

[6] metal swing-bridge near Kilmahumaig;

[7] canal basin W of Bellanoch;

[8] metal swing-bridge (Bellanoch Bridge) carrying the B8025 over the canal at Bellanoch;

[9] three-arched masonry overflow midway between Bellanoch and Dunardry;

[10] lock number 13 at Dunardry;

[11] lock number 12 at Dunardry;

[12] lock number 11 at Dunardry;

[13] metal rolling-bridge (Dunardry Bridge) at lock number 11;

[14] lock number 10 at Dunardry;

[15] lock number 9, and the associated dock and roofless building to its S, at Dunardry;

The area proposed to be scheduled excludes all modern fixed and floating concrete, metal and timber jetties/moorings; all modern fences, gates, posts and markers; all modern road surfaces and modern canal buildings, but includes an area to either side of the canal and towpath in which features associated with its construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it represents a significant feat of Georgian civil engineering by the eminent Scots engineer, John Rennie. The canal was engineered through difficult terrain to link the two sea lochs, Crinan and Gilp, thereby enabling ships to avoid the long and hazardous sea passage around the Mull of Kintyre. The canal has survived uninterrupted as a working waterway for almost two centuries and in that time has seen only minor changes; these include a concrete sea-loch at Crinan Basin, and replacement swing-bridges.

References

Bibliography

References:

Jean, Lindsay. (1968) 'The Canals of Scotland'.

John, Hume. (1977) 'The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 2 The Highlands and Islands'.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/11/2019 14:35