Scheduled Monument

Castlelaw Range, ring ditch NW ofSM6446

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: house
Local Authority
NT 22304 64148
322304, 664148


The monument comprises the remains of a ring-ditch house of later prehistoric date.

The monument lies on a more gently sloping area on the S-facing slopes of Castlelaw Hill at around 315m OD. It comprises a sub-circular ring ditch 12m in overall diameter. The ditch is formed of a series of shallow scoops of up to 2.5m breadth. There is a probable entrance on the SE where one of the scoops turns outward and extends about 4.5m beyond the presumed line of the house wall.

Ring ditches such as this represent the remains of former timber roundhouses of a type characteristic of the later prehistoric period. The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible remains and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is circular with a diameter of 50m as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of later prehistoric domestic settlement. It may be expected to contain information relating to house construction, and the organisation of domestic activities.



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 26 SW 44.


Hill, P. H. (1982) 'Settlement and chronology' (ibid).

Reynolds, D. M. (1982) 'Aspects of later prehistoric timber construction in SE Scotland' in Harding, D. W. (ed), Later Prehistoric Settlement in SE Scotland, University of Edinburgh, Dept to Archaeology, Occasional Paper No. 8, Edinburgh, 44-56, 48.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 22/05/2019 07:40