Scheduled Monument

Old Lochnaw Castle, Isle of LochnawSM6232

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NW 99319 63213
199319, 563213


This monument comprises the remains of a tower built before 1363 and abandoned after being captured by Archibald the Grim in 1390. It sits on the highest point of a small island in Lochnaw Loch. The loch was drained in the late 17th century and used as pasture until being reflooded in the early 19th century.

The visible remains consist of a single wall over 3m high and 8m long, running SW to NE, which shows the start of a barrel vault to the SE. The wall also has a small aumbry and the traces of a window slit. At the SW end of the wall there is fragment of a return heading SE for about 2m. There is a decayed dry stone wall which goes around the island: this is probably associated with the farming activites of the eighteenth century. However it appears to overlie the footings of an older wall which may relate to the tower.

The area to be scheduled includes the entire island which measures roughly 120m SE to NW by up to 25m across. It also includes an area presently under water, extending 10m out around the island, all as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a 14th century tower on a site which has seen only very light re-use since the 15th century. For that reason, even though little remains standing, the archaeology is likely to be well preserved due to minimal ground disturbance.



RCAHMS records the monument as NW96SE 4.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 23/05/2019 21:51