Scheduled Monument

Old Lochnaw Castle, Isle of LochnawSM6232

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
09/10/1995
Type
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Leswalt
NGR
NW 99319 63213
Coordinates
199319, 563213

Description

This monument comprises the remains of a tower built before 1363 and abandoned after being captured by Archibald the Grim in 1390. It sits on the highest point of a small island in Lochnaw Loch. The loch was drained in the late 17th century and used as pasture until being reflooded in the early 19th century.

The visible remains consist of a single wall over 3m high and 8m long, running SW to NE, which shows the start of a barrel vault to the SE. The wall also has a small aumbry and the traces of a window slit. At the SW end of the wall there is fragment of a return heading SE for about 2m. There is a decayed dry stone wall which goes around the island: this is probably associated with the farming activites of the eighteenth century. However it appears to overlie the footings of an older wall which may relate to the tower.

The area to be scheduled includes the entire island which measures roughly 120m SE to NW by up to 25m across. It also includes an area presently under water, extending 10m out around the island, all as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a 14th century tower on a site which has seen only very light re-use since the 15th century. For that reason, even though little remains standing, the archaeology is likely to be well preserved due to minimal ground disturbance.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NW96SE 4.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

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Printed: 14/12/2018 02:44