Scheduled Monument

Turnberry CastleSM6183

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
NS 19654 7197
219654, 607197


The monument comprises the ruined foundations of a substantial masonry castle of probable 13th-century origin. The castle was the childhood home, and possibly the birthplace, of King Robert I, "The Bruce".

The castle occupies a strong position on a rocky promontory. It comprises: the remains of a stout enclosing wall hugging the edges of the cliff faces on all sides; the remains of two entrances on the seaward side where the walls crossed inlets; a defended entrance on the landward side; a miscellany of internal walls; a wide ditch encircling the landward side, partially infilled in the 19th century.

The area to be scheduled includes all the ruined wall foundations and all the associated archaeological levels, but excludes the lighthouse and all the associated lighthouse buildings with their yards and fences. The area to be scheduled includes an area in which traces of activities associated with the castle's construction and use may survive and measures a maximum of 140m N-S by 145m, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance for two main reasons. Firstly, the monument comprises the substantial remains of what must have been a significant, well-fortified castle of 13th-century date; the associated archaeological levels of which appear to be well-preserved and considerable. Secondly, the monument is intimately associated with one of the great figures in Scottish history, King Robert I (the Bruce), who was very probably born in the castle and who certainly spent his childhood there.



RCAHMS records the monument as NS 10 NE 1.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 04/03/2024 01:16