Scheduled Monument

Little Brownie's Knowe,burnt moundSM6157

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
20/02/1995
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: burnt mound
Local Authority
Shetland Islands
Parish
Walls And Sandness
NGR
HU 17371 56703
Coordinates
417371, 1156703

Description

The monument comprises a burnt mound, a prehistoric (probably Bronze Age) cooking place, which may conceal evidence for contemporary settlement. The burnt mound lies on a N-facing slope at the foot of Sandness Hill, overlooking Loch of Huxter. It has been bisected by a modern drystone wall, which is to be excluded from scheduling so that it may be repaired as necessary. The mound has been of crescentic plan, and rises to 1.2m tall. Its maximum extent is hard to determine, but has been in the order of 15m from E-W. At points where livestock have trampled the edge of the mound, the upper edges of large stone slabs protrude, indicating underlying structures. Wether these are the remains of a cooking trough or of some other domestic construction cannot be ascertained. Such mounds are the by-product of boiling by the immersion of heated stones in a trough of water. They are usually interpreted as cooking places. The area to be scheduled is rectangular, 40m by 30m, and is bisected by a modern drystone wall, which is excluded from scheduling. The area is marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a fine example of a burnt mound, which has the potential, through excavation and analysis to provide information about prehistoric domestic economy and diet and possibly also about domestic architecture.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as HU 15 NE 7.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 20/11/2018 08:16