Scheduled Monument

Fedderate CastleSM5951

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
14/03/1994
Supplementary Information Updated
27/06/2018
Type
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
New Deer
NGR
NJ 89684 49847
Coordinates
389684, 849847

Description

The monument consists of the upstanding remains of Fedderate Castle, a 15th-century stronghold overlying a 13th-century defensive site.

This once impressive castle is thought to have been built by William de Crawford who held the barony from 1474-1519. It appears to have been bombarded by artillery, and is said to have been besieged after the battle of Killiecrankie (1689) by King William's troops as it was in the hands of supporters of King James VII, who had fled there after the battle.

The structure superseded an earlier tower dating from the 13th century (a stone removed from the site around 1830 was dated 1257). Fedderate was formerly surrounded by a ditch and a bog, and was accessible by means of a causeway and ditch, traces of which could still be seen around 1790. The area has since been drained and cultivated leaving no visible traces of these features.

Fedderate is now on a stony mound made from its own collapse. Two substantial portions of the four storey, L-shaped castle survive, namely the N angle of the main block and part of the E angle of the projecting wing. The long elevation was aligned NW-SE with the re-entrant angle

in the E. The basement and first floor have traces of vaulting.

The great hall was in the NW portion and the ground floor entrance was in the SW wall of the projecting wing and led directly into the kitchen. From here a circular stair to the W gave access to the upper rooms. These features in the SW wall are now reduced and buried by debris but were apparent in the late 19th century.

The walls are of pinned boulder rubble with sandstone dressings. The building measured 18.4m NW-SE by 13.5m NE-SW over walls 1.7m thick and about 14m high. The castle has rounded angles and a marked batter, and the wall is

intaken over the hall vault.

The area to be scheduled is square with sides measuring 24m, and is defined by the surrounding post and wire fence, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a good example of a 15th-century towerhouse which has been utilised as a site of defensive settlement from the 13th century for at least 300 years. As such, it provides above ground evidence for domestic architecture of the 15th century, and has the potential to provide further evidence, through excavation, for the layout of the earlier defensive and settlement, economy, social organisation and material culture from the 13th century onwards.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 84 NE 1.

Reference:

MacGibbon D. and Ross T. (1894) The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Scotland, vol. 1, 357.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to Fedderate Castle

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 15/11/2018 10:11