Scheduled Monument

Eilean Mhuireill,crannog,IslaySM5789

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
14/10/1993
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: crannog
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Killarow And Kilmeny
NGR
NR 38681 67337
Coordinates
138681, 667337

Description

The monument comprises an artificial island , or crannog, situated about 35m from the E shore of Loch Finlaggan and 0.7km S of Eilean Mor, an important site associated with the Lords of the Isles from the fourteenth to late fifteenth centuries.

The island is subcircular on plan and measured about 23m from NE to SW by 19m transversely in 1976. There is an inlet for a boat-landing and jetty. The SW sector of the stony margin of the island includes a boulder footing-course of a perimeter wall visible over a length of about 5m. The summit of the island is occupied by the ruins of two substantial drystone buildings of oblong plan, aligned at right angles to each other and separated by a narrow passage.

Among the rubble debris on the island is a probable quern-stone fragment. The site has no recorded history, but on typological grounds the construction and occupation of the buildings can probably be ascribed to a period between the fourteenth and seventeenth century. The site is therefore possibly contemporary with Eilean Mor.

The area to be scheduled is approximately rectangular on plan and measures 55m from SW to NE by 40m transversely, to include the crannog and an area around in which evidence associated with its construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it has the well defined field characteristics of later Medieval crannogs which are a feature of many of the inland lochs on Islay. It has the potential to provide information about late Medieval lifestyle and society, particularly through the likely survival of well preserved organic remains, and to be able to elucidate the relationship of the establishment of the Lords of the Isles with contemporary society.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NR36NE 23.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/12/2018 22:45