Scheduled Monument

Eilean Mhuireill,crannog,IslaySM5789

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: crannog
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Killarow And Kilmeny
NR 38681 67337
138681, 667337


The monument comprises an artificial island , or crannog, situated about 35m from the E shore of Loch Finlaggan and 0.7km S of Eilean Mor, an important site associated with the Lords of the Isles from the fourteenth to late fifteenth centuries.

The island is subcircular on plan and measured about 23m from NE to SW by 19m transversely in 1976. There is an inlet for a boat-landing and jetty. The SW sector of the stony margin of the island includes a boulder footing-course of a perimeter wall visible over a length of about 5m. The summit of the island is occupied by the ruins of two substantial drystone buildings of oblong plan, aligned at right angles to each other and separated by a narrow passage.

Among the rubble debris on the island is a probable quern-stone fragment. The site has no recorded history, but on typological grounds the construction and occupation of the buildings can probably be ascribed to a period between the fourteenth and seventeenth century. The site is therefore possibly contemporary with Eilean Mor.

The area to be scheduled is approximately rectangular on plan and measures 55m from SW to NE by 40m transversely, to include the crannog and an area around in which evidence associated with its construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it has the well defined field characteristics of later Medieval crannogs which are a feature of many of the inland lochs on Islay. It has the potential to provide information about late Medieval lifestyle and society, particularly through the likely survival of well preserved organic remains, and to be able to elucidate the relationship of the establishment of the Lords of the Isles with contemporary society.



RCAHMS records the monument as NR36NE 23.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 22/05/2019 08:59