Scheduled Monument

Ring of Castlehill, fort 380m SW of Summer ByresSM576

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
17/07/1934
Last Date Amended
03/05/2005
Type
Secular: fort (non-prehistoric)
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Bower
NGR
ND 28290 61829
Coordinates
328290, 961829

Description

The monument comprises a circular Norse or Norman fort. The monument was first scheduled in 1934, but an inadequate area was included to protect all of the archaeological remains: the present rescheduling rectifies this.

The fort is 70m in diameter and consists of an inner grass-covered area 30m in diameter, around the perimeter of which runs a small raised bank 0.5m in height and width. Beyond this inner area lies a 9m wide ditch. The ditch is encircled by a 1m high and 4m wide turf-covered bank. The entrance through the defences lies in the NW sector and this 'roadway' extends some 4-5m out beyond the earthwork .

The area to be scheduled is a circle 95m in diameter centred on the fort, to include the fort, its outer defences and an area around in which evidence relating to their construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map. The scheduling specifically excludes the drainage ditch which runs across the south-west side of the area, so that this may continue to be maintained in a free-running condition by occasional cleaning down to its original depth.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a well-preserved fort, of either Norse or Norman origin. Whoever it is, it has considerable potential to enhance our understanding of early medieval defensive settlement and economy.

References

Bibliography

The monument is recorded by RCAHMS as ND26SE3.

References:

RCAHMS 1911b, THIRD REPORT AND INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF CAITHNESS, Edinburgh, HMSO, 2-3, No. 4.

Talbot E J 1975c, TWO NEW CASTLE SITES IN CAITHNESS, Caithness Field Club Bull, 1, 6, 1975, October.

Talbot E 1979, 'THE RING OF CASTLEHILL, CAITHNESS ' A VIKING FORTIFICATION?', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 108, 378.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/09/2019 04:00