Scheduled Monument

Tor CastleSM5471

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
01/12/1992
Type
Secular: castle; tower
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Kilmallie
NGR
NN 13243 78578
Coordinates
213243, 778578

Description

The monument is Tor Castle, the remains of a small towerhouse of fifteenth or sixteenth century date.The site is thought to have been occupied for defensive purposes from the eleventh century. The castle, allegedly built on the site of Banquo's (Shakespeare's Macbeth) castle was the main residence of the chiefs of Clan Chattan.

It occupies a strong position on a ridge above the River Lochy. Tor is rectangular on plan and measures 9.5m NE-SW by 5m NW-SE within walls 2.2m in maximum thickness. The building, constructed in mortared random rubble, is in a state of advanced decay. No indication of floor levels or evidence of vaulting is apparent.

The NW and SE walls are reduced to under 4m, the SW wall is reduced to its rubble core and the NE wall is fragmentary. There are traces of a newel stair and entrance in the SE wall towards the E angle, and a small rectangular chamber in the N angle. To the N of the castle is an L-shaped portion of low walling which may have been part of a courtyard.

The area to be scheduled is irregular, measuring a maximum of 40m NE -SW by 50m NW-SE, and is defined by the surrounding boundary fence, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a late medieval tower-house which is likely to occupy the site of an earlier fortified residence dating from the eleventh century. As such it provides evidence and has the potential to provide further evidence, through excavation, which may contribute to our understanding of medieval defensive architecture, social structure, economy and material culture.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NN 17 NW 2.

Reference:

Macfarlane, W. (1906-8) Geographical collections relating to Scotland, in Mitchell, A and Clark, J. T. 3v, 160, 518-19, Edinburgh.

The 'Scot Hist Soc' (1907) Ser 1, 52, 160, 518-9.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

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Printed: 20/11/2018 15:25