Scheduled Monument

Beorgs of Uyea,stone implement working site and chambered cairnSM5369

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
05/03/1992
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: quarry (includes construction quarries and also artefact extraction sites), Prehistoric ritual and funerary: chambered cairn
Local Authority
Shetland Islands
Parish
Northmaven
NGR
HU 32802 89915
Coordinates
432802, 1189915

Description

The monument consists of a large area of stony moorland, scattered with worked outcrops and debris associated with prehistoric stone implement manufacture, within which are located a lintelled gallery and a chambered burial cairn.

In the 1940s a lintelled gallery was recorded at HU 32669007. This has been constructed by roofing over a gully created by the removal of an outcrop of the distinctive local felsite rock to manufacture stone implements. Subsequent examination of the area has revealed a large number of working areas, liberally scattered with flakes and broken implement rough-outs. The working areas take the form of sub- circular platforms built largely out of flaking debris, and often lie in slightly sheltered locations. Implements seem to have been taken to a rough stage only on the site, prior to being removed elsewhere

for polishing. The final products were typical Neolithic polished axes and also a number of flat knives, of a type unique to Shetland. The foundations of a chambered cairn, consisting only of the kerbstones of a passage and chamber, lie within the working area, at HU32899003.

The area to be scheduled is irregular, bounded on the N by the S shore of Mill Loch and the stream which feeds it from the W, on the W by the small valley of Inni Scord, on the S by a line drawn from the NE corner of Inniscord Lochs to the N corner of Mousa Water and on the E by a line from the same N corner of Mousa Water to the shore of Mill Loch. This area, which includes the gallery, chambered cairn and

a large number of working areas, is marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as one of the very few positively identified stone implement working sites in Britain. As well as preserving important evidence on the stone-working techniques of the Neolithic period, its importance is enhanced by the range of artefactual evidence surviving on site, and by the potential for preserved structures, below the working debris, relating to encampments or more permanent dwellings.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the site as HU39SW 1.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 15/11/2018 03:55