Scheduled Monument

Loch Gorm,Eilean Mor,castleSM5273

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
13/04/1992
Type
Secular: castle; fort (non-prehistoric)
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kilchoman
NGR
NR 23492 65501
Coordinates
123492, 665501

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a castle which dates from the late 16th and early 17th centuries.

The fortification is situated on an island about 350m from the SE shore of Loch Gorm. The roughly circular island measures a maximum of 48m from NE-SW. The monument occupies the central area of the island and stands to a height of c.2.4m. The castle has a quadrangular layout incorporating boldly projecting roughly circular bastions at the angles. The fortification measures 20.5m from N-S over the

curtain wall by 17m transversely and the drum bastions vary between 5.5m and 6m in average diameter. The curtain walls and towers are of drystone boulder construction and portions are reduced to the rubble core. A depression towards the S end of the E wall may indicate the position of an entrance. This corresponds with a gap in the arc of walling (1m thick) that protects the E quarter. There are vestiges of earlier building phases on the SE and SW bastions. The curtain wall is turf backed and the interior structure, which is organised into three drystone constructed apartments, reaches the same surviving

height as the wallhead. The main rectangular building is orientated NW to SE. Adjoining its NW angle is a smaller sub rectangular annexe aligned in the same plane and floored at a slightly higher level. There is another elongated building with turf covered drystone walls aligned NE-SW to the SE of the principal building.

The area to be scheduled is approximately circular and measures a maximum of 50m in diameter, centred on the castle and including an area of land surrounding the castle in which evidence of activities associated with its construction and use may survive, as shown in red

on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as it is a good example of a well-documented fortified site in use during the 16th and 17th centuries. Its relatively inaccessible location and partly waterlogged condition increases the potential of the site, through archaeological investigation, for shedding further light on the society, economy and military technology of the period during which it was built and occupied.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NR26NW 19.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to Loch Gorm,Eilean Mor,castle

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 16/12/2018 05:32