Scheduled Monument

Auchinleck CastleSM5269

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
NS 49957 23208
249957, 623208


The monument consists of the remains of Auchinleck Castle, which possibly dates to the thirteenth century.

This early medieval tower occupies a strong position on the E bank of the Lugar Water. It is built on top of a sandstone rock stack which drops vertically to the river. The crumbling structure is made of local red sandstone rubble. Only the lower courses of the walls survive. These are over 1m thick and about 4m high in places. Part of the interior has been quarried out of the solid rock and the walling has augmented the natural defences provided by the rock pillar. The castle is approached by a rock-cut path which ascends to the summit from the S side of the steep rock face.

The area to be scheduled is irregular and measures a maximum of 70m NW-SE by 35m NE-SW to be centred on the castle, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a fortified site dating from the early medieval period; consequently it is of considerable historic value. It provides evidence, and has the potential to provide further evidence through analysis and excavation, for defensive architecture, domestic occupation and material culture during the period of its use.



RCAHMS records the site as NS42SE 2.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 19/03/2019 09:45