Scheduled Monument

Auchinleck CastleSM5269

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
NS 49957 23208
249957, 623208


The monument consists of the remains of Auchinleck Castle, which possibly dates to the thirteenth century.

This early medieval tower occupies a strong position on the E bank of the Lugar Water. It is built on top of a sandstone rock stack which drops vertically to the river. The crumbling structure is made of local red sandstone rubble. Only the lower courses of the walls survive. These are over 1m thick and about 4m high in places. Part of the interior has been quarried out of the solid rock and the walling has augmented the natural defences provided by the rock pillar. The castle is approached by a rock-cut path which ascends to the summit from the S side of the steep rock face.

The area to be scheduled is irregular and measures a maximum of 70m NW-SE by 35m NE-SW to be centred on the castle, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a fortified site dating from the early medieval period; consequently it is of considerable historic value. It provides evidence, and has the potential to provide further evidence through analysis and excavation, for defensive architecture, domestic occupation and material culture during the period of its use.



RCAHMS records the site as NS42SE 2.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 19/08/2019 23:28