Scheduled Monument

Meishie o' Stanes, two cairns 120m N of Collafirth PierSM3568

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain)
Local Authority
Shetland Islands
HU 35779 84366
435779, 1184366


The monument comprises two cairns of the Neolithic or Bronze Age, built probably between 4000 and 1000 BC. They are visible as two circular spreads of stones in close proximity to one another. The northernmost is around 14m in diameter, while the other is less well defined and about 12m in diameter. The cairns stand some 20m above sea level on a south-facing hillside, one above the other, with extensive views to the south and east, especially across the Voe of Brig. The monument was first scheduled in 1974, but the documentation does not meet modern standards: the present rescheduling rectifies this.

The area to be scheduled is irregular on plan, to include the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

Cultural Significance

The monument's cultural significance can be expressed as follows:

Intrinsic characteristics

The surface remains of both cairns have been disturbed, but their form is still discernible and important archaeological information is likely to survive beneath the surface. The close proximity of the two cairns is of considerable interest as this is rare in the area and may indicate that this particular location was a focal point for burial over a significant period of time.

The excavation of similar cairns elsewhere in Scotland has demonstrated that round cairns were often used to cover and mark human burials and are late Neolithic or Bronze Age in origin, dating most commonly from the late third millennium BC to the early second millennium BC. Burial cairns of this type may incorporate or overlie several graves or pits containing cist settings, skeletal remains in the form of cremations or inhumations, pottery and stone tools. Archaeologists often find additional burials within cairns, away from the central burial and it is possible that one or more additional burials survive here. These deposits can help us understand more about the practice and significance of burial and commemoration of the dead at specific times in prehistory. They may also help us to understand the changing structure of society in the area. In addition, the cairn is likely to overlie and seal a buried land surface that could provide evidence of the immediate environment before the monument was constructed. Botanical remains, including pollen or charred plant material, may survive within archaeological deposits deriving from the cairns' construction and use. This evidence can help us build up a picture of climate, vegetation and agriculture in the area before and during construction and use of the cairn.

Contextual characteristics

Cairns are well represented in Shetland, but researchers have highlighted the importance of Shetland's circular stone-built cairns. Across Scotland, cairns seem to be positioned for visibility within their landscape setting, often specifically to maximise their visual impact, and they are often inter-visible. The position and significance of these cairns in relation to other prehistoric monuments is likely to be significant and merits future detailed analysis. There is a group of three chambered cairns 1.1km to the NNE and a single chambered cairn 5km to the west. Comparison of these cairns with other prehistoric sites in the area means that this monument has the potential to further our understanding of ritual and funerary site location and practice and to enhance understanding of the structure of early prehistoric society and economy.

Associative characteristics

Like many of Shetland's prehistoric monuments, these two cairns have become the focus of local stories. The word 'meishie' is the name of a traditional Shetland basket used for carrying grain. According to local legend, a giant was carrying a 'meishie' full of stones when the basket broke at this place leaving it strewn with rock. The association of cairns and giants is quite common in NW Shetland: another local cairn is called the 'Giant's grave'.

National Importance

This monument is of national importance because it has an inherent potential to make a significant addition to our understanding of the past, particularly the design and construction of burial monuments, the nature of burial practices, and their significance in prehistoric and later society. Buried evidence from cairns can also enhance our knowledge about wider prehistoric society, how people lived, where they came from and who they had contact with. The loss of the monument would significantly diminish our future ability to appreciate and understand the placing of such monuments within the landscape and the meaning and importance of death and burial in prehistoric life.



Further information

RCAHMS records the site as HU38SE 1.


Feachem, R W, 1963 A Guide to Prehistoric Scotland, 85. London.

RCAHMS 1946 Twelfth Report with an Inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Orkney and Shetland.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

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Printed: 22/05/2019 07:47