Scheduled Monument

Finavon CastleSM2464

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: castle; hospital, hospice
Local Authority
NO 49642 56482
349642, 756482


The monument consists of the remains of a substantial fortified mansion built for the Lindsay earls of Crawford in the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The principal remains comprise the lower part of a rectangular tower house, on the north side of which a chamber tower and stair tower were later added, and around which there are traces of extensive courtyards. After passing to Lord Spynie in 1625, and later to the earls of Kinnoul and of Northesk, there is said to have been a catastrophic collapse in the mid-eighteenth century, after which it was uninhabitable.

The monument was first scheduled in 1964, but the area then afforded protection was largely limited to the upstanding remains. The present proposal to re-schedule affords protection to an area thought to cover the site of the main nucleus of buildings and courtyards of the castle.

The area to be scheduled is a rectangle measuring 120m from west to east and 65m from north to south, and is marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a particularly good illustration of how an extensive post-medieval mansion and its ancillary courtyards could develop around the core of a substantial tower house. The importance is enhanced by the survival of an inventory of its furnishings drawn up in 1712, some decades before its final collapse.




Simpson, W. D. (1955-56) 'Finavon Castle', Proc. Soc. Antiq. Scot., 398-416.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 17/02/2019 23:59