Scheduled Monument

Suidhe, barrow and standing stones, BunessanSM2322

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
26/08/1963
Last Date Amended
20/01/2004
Type
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: barrow; standing stone
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kilfinichen And Kilvickeon
NGR
NM 37067 21857
Coordinates
137067, 721857

Description

The monument comprises a barrow and standing stones of prehistoric date, visible as a turf-covered mound and erect stones. The monument was first scheduled in 1963, but is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the scheduled area.

The monument is situated in moorland, just S of the deserted township of Suidhe and about 1km W of Bunessan, at about 50m OD. The barrow is roughly circular in plan, measuring some 22m NE-SW by 19m transversely. It stands up to 1m high and is slightly hollowed at the centre. On the eastern edge there is an enigmatic stone setting of unknown purpose and date. This feature measures about 2m across and is lined by a series of upright slabs, five apparently still in position. Several other fallen slabs are also visible, one of which appears to have been re-used as a cover-slab or lintel.

There are another two standing stones on the NNE side of the barrow. One, sited on the very edge of the barrow, stands 1.1m high and measures 0.6m by 0.3m at its base. The other stone, straight-sided with a flat top and now inclined to the NE, is located 1.2m to the NE; it measures 0.6m by 0.3m at its base and stands 1.95m high. It is probable that originally the barrow was edged by upright stones, now almost entirely dismantled and re-used, but there is no evidence that the barrow was chambered.

Barrows of this type are funerary monuments dating to the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age (late third millennium or early second millennium BC) and may be expected to contain material relating to their mode of construction and use.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material is likely to survive. It is circular in shape with a diameter of 42m centred on the barrow, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to an understanding of prehistoric funerary and ritual practices. Its importance is increased by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

References

Bibliography

The monument is recorded by RCAHMS as NM32SE 7.

References:

Gray I and Gilfillan E 1990, 'Cnoc an t-suidhe (Bunessan parish), cairn, fieldbanks, settlement', DISCOVERY EXCAV SCOT 1990, 32.

Gray I and Gilfillan E 1991, 'Cnoc an t-suidhe, Mull (Kilfinichen & Kilvickeon parish): cairn, fieldbanks, settlement', DISCOVERY EXCAV SCOT 1991, 52.

RCAHMS 1980, 'AN INVENTORY OF THE MONUMENTS VOLUME 3: MULL, TIREE, COLL AND NORTHERN ARGYLL (EXCLUDING THE EARLY MEDIEVAL AND LATER MONUMENTS OF IONA', Edinburgh, HMSO, 61 No. 61.

Photographs:

RCAHMS NM32SE 7 AG144.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/11/2018 04:43