Scheduled Monument

High Drummore Mote,motteSM2019

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: bailey; motte
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 12983 35932
212983, 535932


The monument consists of a motte, a mound which was the site of an early timber castle. The motte now lacks any protection to the W, with any rampart and ditch almost completely obliterated by more recent agriculture. The shape of the mound has been damaged by cattle. It stands about 2m above the field to the W. The summit appears to have been about 13m in diameter. From its base on either side a rampart passes down the slope towards the E, forming an enclosure about 20m across some 6.5m below the summit. This enclosure was provided with an entrance now 2.5m wide, at the base of the mound and at the S end of the enclosure. The rampart which forms the S side of the enclosure is about 8m wide at base and 2m high externally. Between it and the edge of a steep glen lies a terrace, 6.5m wide near the mound, decreasing towards the E, where it is only 2m wide. The area to be scheduled is defined to the SE by a burn and to the N and E by a field boundary. It is irregular on plan, measuring a maximum of 110m N-S by 95m E-W, to enclose the motte and outer enclosure and an area around them in which evidence relating to their construction and use may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance because it is a motte and bailey which shows the relationship between the two elements clearly. It makes good use of the natural topography on a spur between two steep valleys. Despite the damage to the motte and the western defences, the below ground archaeology has the potential to reveal far more about the site and to broaden our knowledge about other similar monuments.



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NX 13 NW 12.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 19/03/2019 03:49