Scheduled Monument

Kilearnan, broch 800m WSW ofSM1869

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
18/10/1938
Last Date Amended
13/09/2001
Supplementary Information Updated
20/11/2018
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: broch
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Kildonan
NGR
NC 92160 18868
Coordinates
292160, 918868

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a broch, a fortified dwelling of Iron Age date, with a surrounding rampart and ditch. The broch was scheduled in 1938, but the area scheduled at that time was inadequate to protect the full area of archaeological importance, hence this extension.

The broch survives as a large rubble mound, up to 3m high on the N and falling steeply towards a burn on the S side. Two short stretches of inner wall face are visible, suggesting an internal diameter around 10m, and the thickness of the wall appears to have been just less than 5m. The entrance may have been on the E. To the SW, just outside the broch, earthfast stones suggest some form of outer structure or revetment. A rampart and ditch runs round the outside of the broch from the SE through NE to the NW. This rampart has been partly defaced by an old track.

The area now to be scheduled is a circle 40m in diameter and centred on the centre of the broch mound, to include the broch, its outer works and an area of ground within which related evidence is likely to survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a good example of a broch with outer defences. It has the potential to provide important evidence relating to later prehistoric defensive architecture and domestic economy.

References

Bibliography

RAHMS record the site as NC91NW 2.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/09/2019 21:53