Scheduled Monument

Buittle CastleSM1115

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
21/07/1937
Last Date Amended
11/11/2003
Type
Secular: bailey; castle; motte
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Buittle
NGR
NX 81877 61674
Coordinates
281877, 561674

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to an understanding of one of the most important landholding dynasties of Early Medieval Scotland, the Balliols, the secular administration of the Lords of Galloway and the position of the powerful Dervorguilla. The archaeological potential of the monument is important and should be preserved given the lack of surviving documentation to aid our understanding. A monument of this type is rare and vulnerable; the physical evidence is important to developing our understanding of atypical 'motte-and-bailey' castle sites.

References

Bibliography

The monument is recorded by the NMRS as Buittle Castle, NX86NW 6.00 and Buittle Place, NX86SW 10, its reports are attached.

The associated Historic Scotland Monument Warden's Report is attached.

IAM has corresponded with the owner-occupiers and has established accurate ownership details.

Aerial photographs used:

RCAHMS 'Buittle Place; Buittle Castle 8/9/6/62' KB/3021, 1983

Bibliography:

Coles, F R (1892), 'The motes, forts, and doons of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbrightshire', Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol.26, 132-135.

Keppie, L J F (1997), 'Roman Britain in 1996. 1. Sites explored. 2. Scotland', Britannia, Vol. 28, 410.

Keppie, L J F (2001), 'Roman Britain in 2000. 1. Sites explored. 2. Scotland', Britannia, Vol. 32, 322.

Maxwell-Irving, A M T (1991), 'The Castles of Buittle', Transactions of the Dumfries & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, vol. 66, 59-66.

Oram, R D (1992), 'A note on the ownership of the barony of Buittle', Transactions of the Dumfries & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, vol. 67.

Oram, R D (1999), 'Dervorgilla, The Balliols and Buittle', Transactions of the Dumfries & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, vol. 73, 165-181.

Oram, R D (2000), The Lordship of Galloway, Edinburgh, 10, 146, 149, 157, 159, 207, 221, 223, 224, 242, 243, 245-246, 253-254 & 257.

Penman, A (1998), 'Botel Bailey', Current Archaeology, Nos. 12-13, 473-475.

Penman, A (1995), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1992-1994', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (1996), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1995', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (1997), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1996', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (1998), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1997', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (1999), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1998', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (2000), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 1999', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (2001), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 2000', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (2002), 'Botel Bailey Excavation: Interim Report 2001', Castle Douglas.

Penman, A (1993), 'Buittle Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): motte and bailey', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 22.

Penman, A (1994), 'Buittle Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): motte and bailey', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 14.

Penman, A (1995), 'Buittle Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): early medieval bailey adjacent to motte, now known to also be an earlier prehistoric site', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 21.

Penman, A (1996), 'Buittle Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): early medieval bailey, multi-period site', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 28-29.

Penman, A & Cochrane, E (1997), 'Botel Castle bailey/Buittle Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): prehistoric site and early medieval bailey', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 24.

Penman, A & Cochrane, E (1998), 'Botel Castle bailey (Buittle Parish): early medieval bailey and multi-period site', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 25.

Penman, A & Cochrane, E (1999), 'Botel bailey (Buittle Parish): multi-period settlement within castle bailey' and 'Botel bailey (Buittle Parish): early medieval bailey, prehistoric site', Discovery and Excavation, Scotland, 19-23.

RCAHMS (1914), Fifth report and inventory of monuments and constructions in Galloway, Vol.2, County of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Edinburgh, Nos.74-75, 53-56.

Tabraham, C J (1984), 'Norman Settlement in Galloway: recent fieldwork in the Stewartry', Breeze, D. J. ed., Studies in Scottish Antiquity presented to Stewart Cruden, Edinburgh, 87-124, No.10, 98-99, 117-123.

Truckell, A E & Williams, J (1967), 'Mediaeval pottery in Dumfriesshire and Galloway', Transactions of the Dumfries & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, vol. 44, 133 & 171.

Truckell, A E & Williams, J (1978), 'Further notes on Mediaeval pottery', Transactions of the Dumfries & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, vol. 53, 188 ...

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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