Scheduled Monument

Glenroan (or Glengappock) Mote,fortSM1072

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill fort and promontory fort)
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 74982 70441
274982, 570441


The monument consists of a hillfort of Iron Age date. The fort

displays at least two phases of construction.

The fort, usually known as Glenroan Mote, although formerly

Glengappock, is set on a low hill. The earliest feature is an oval enclosure within a much-reduced rampart. This measures 32m by 20m internally. Overlying this is a later defensive arrangement, a stone wall (now ruined) surrounding an oval area 50m by 40m. Except for the

S side, where there is a very steep slope, this wall has been further defended by two ditches and ramparts. The entrance to the later work

is on the SW, and the line of the inner ditch appears to have been

left incomplete on the NE side. Specimens of vitrified material are

in the Dumfries Museum from this monument, but it is not clear from which phase of construction they derive.

The area to be scheduled is circular, 115m in diameter, to include

the whole hilltop, including the two phases of fortified enclosure

and all associated ramparts, walls and ditches, as marked in red on

the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a modest-sized fort which shows two phases of construction; a simple early enclosure replaced by a later bivallate defence with a stone-walled central enclosure. Although there is no dating evidence for either phase, vitrified material recovered from the site suggests that at least one phase involved timber-laced or framed construction. The site has the potential, through excavation and analysis, to provide important information about the development of defensive architecture and about domestic economy in the later prehistoric period.



The monument is recorded in RCAHMS as NX 77 SE 9.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 23/04/2019 03:08