Scheduled Monument

Kittock's Den, souterrainSM10423

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
20/06/2002
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house
Local Authority
Fife
Parish
St Andrews And St Leonards
NGR
NO 55458 14947
Coordinates
355458, 714947

Description

The monument comprises a partly rock-cut structure, obscured by dense vegetation gowing over it and by roof collapses in two places. Where the roof has collapsed there are two openings, through one of which can be seen the upper levels of irregular drystone masonry forming the chamber, and the roofing at the northern end of the chamber.

Here, the W wall consists of natural sandstone, presumably quarried to create the chamber, while three to four courses of drystone, slightly corbelled masonry form the E and N walls. The roof survives in only two places: a single slab spans the vault of the chamber between the two openings; while the final c.1.3m length of the chamber at the NW end is fully roofed.

The chamber measures at least 3.7m and is 1.7m wide at its first corbel. The surviving roof slabs measure c.0.5m by 0.5m and are c.0.15m thick. Collapsed roof slabs are visible within the SE half of the chamber. Soil and rotting vegetation have largely infilled the chamber through the two openings in the roof and it is not possible to determine the height or full ground-plan of the chamber.

The chamber is overlooked by an earthen slope on the SE and NE sides, standing some 1.8m above the roof level. It is possible that this depth of overburden may conceal further elements of the chamber (for example, side-chambers or a separate access passage), or other associated remains.

The area to be scheduled includes the souterrain and an area around it in which related remains may be expected to survive. It is circular in shape, with a maximum diameter of 20m, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the remains of a well-preserved later prehistoric structure in lowland Scotland, where the majority of prehistoric monuments are largely ploughed away. Although the roof has partly collapsed, much of the sub-surface masonry survives and the monument retains the potential to provide important information relating to its construction and use.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 51 SE 50.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 12/12/2018 20:00