Scheduled Monument

Kittock's Den, souterrainSM10423

Status: Designated


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The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house
Local Authority
St Andrews And St Leonards
NO 55458 14947
355458, 714947


The monument comprises a partly rock-cut structure, obscured by dense vegetation gowing over it and by roof collapses in two places. Where the roof has collapsed there are two openings, through one of which can be seen the upper levels of irregular drystone masonry forming the chamber, and the roofing at the northern end of the chamber.

Here, the W wall consists of natural sandstone, presumably quarried to create the chamber, while three to four courses of drystone, slightly corbelled masonry form the E and N walls. The roof survives in only two places: a single slab spans the vault of the chamber between the two openings; while the final c.1.3m length of the chamber at the NW end is fully roofed.

The chamber measures at least 3.7m and is 1.7m wide at its first corbel. The surviving roof slabs measure c.0.5m by 0.5m and are c.0.15m thick. Collapsed roof slabs are visible within the SE half of the chamber. Soil and rotting vegetation have largely infilled the chamber through the two openings in the roof and it is not possible to determine the height or full ground-plan of the chamber.

The chamber is overlooked by an earthen slope on the SE and NE sides, standing some 1.8m above the roof level. It is possible that this depth of overburden may conceal further elements of the chamber (for example, side-chambers or a separate access passage), or other associated remains.

The area to be scheduled includes the souterrain and an area around it in which related remains may be expected to survive. It is circular in shape, with a maximum diameter of 20m, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the remains of a well-preserved later prehistoric structure in lowland Scotland, where the majority of prehistoric monuments are largely ploughed away. Although the roof has partly collapsed, much of the sub-surface masonry survives and the monument retains the potential to provide important information relating to its construction and use.



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 51 SE 50.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 16/01/2021 00:41