Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 77721 58343
277721, 558343


Attributed to Richard Crichton on stylistic grounds. Built

circa 1805. Important country house in Adam castellated

style, gutted and now roofless but complete to wallhead.

Square-plan with round tourelles at each angle, walls

slightly ramped. 2-stories over raised ground level basement,

with 3 storey advanced centre bays to front elevation giving

tower effect. Finely tooled droved red sandstone walling.

Built for Sir William Douglas of Castle Douglas.

Front elevation: 1-3-3-3-1 bays with round towers to outer

bays, 3 single light bays and to centre advanced castellated

bay with narrow lights in advanced clasping towers flanking

recessed wider centre bay. Curved perron stair (now

demolished) oversailing raised basement gave access to

tripartite entrance with round-arched openings. All ground

floor windows round-arched.

Flanks have plain single light windows.

Garden front: Complex 1-3-3-1 bay arrangement with 3-light

bowed bays flanking central 3-light canted bay.

Single light windows, formerly sash and case with 12-pane


Band courses over basement and 1st and at 1st floor cills.

Corbelled crenellated parapet with diminutive turrets atop

each round tower.

INTERIOR: mostly destroyed, much brick used for internal

walls, brick vaulted basement. Cantilevered oval service

stair to left of hall. Fragments of timber panelling,

doorpieces and chimneypieces only.

Statement of Special Interest

Strongly influence by the Castle style of Robert Adam. All

masonwork of the very highest quality. A group with Gelston

Castle Stables, Coach House and Gatepiers.



Colvin 1978 p241

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to GELSTON CASTLE

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 06/06/2020 09:49