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- Category: B
- Date Added: 03/08/1971
- Local Authority: Fife
- Planning Authority: Fife
- Parish: Kinghorn
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NT 29336 82831
- Coordinates: 329336, 682831
LIGHTHOUSE: Thomas Smith, engineer; 1803-4. Short, circular, painted ashlar lighthouse tower with lantern resting on 2-storey base, with crenellated parapet and string course. Projecting semicircular bay with inscription ".... lighted on the 14th of September 1804...". Wheel stair in tower. Single storey ancillary buildings.
INCHKEITH FORT AND BOUNDARY WALLS: rubble boundary walls including 50 yard stretch of wall (with loop-hole) from 16th century fort. Heraldic shield with royal coat-of-arms, dated 1564, over gateway.
Statement of Special Interest
Scheduled Ancient Monument. Building of the lighthouse involved removal of almost all of fort built by French after they captured the island from the English in 1549, and partially demolished in 1567. The lighthouse originally had 1 stationary light. In 1815 a heptagon (seven lenses revolving around a fixed burner) was installed, this revolving light was purchased by the Government of Newfoundland and installed on Cape Spear in 1835 after installation in 1834 of a dioptic lantern. In 1889 an octagon (8 lenses) and new machinery were installed. Now automated (1999).
NSA. NMRS Elevation (probably by Robert Stevenson 1824). R S Mylne's MASTER MASONS (1892), pp53-4, plan of French fort drawn by Robert Mylne in 1778. Grant OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH' pp 294-5. RCAHMS INVENTORY Ref 347. Groome's GAZETTEER VOL IV, p285. N MacDonald ISLANDS OF THE FORTH (1985), p20.
Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.
Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.
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