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- Category: B
- Date Added: 03/08/1971
- Local Authority: Fife
- Planning Authority: Fife
- Parish: Kinghorn
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NT 29336 82831
- Coordinates: 329336, 682831
LIGHTHOUSE: Thomas Smith, engineer; 1803-4. Short, circular, painted ashlar lighthouse tower with lantern resting on 2-storey base, with crenellated parapet and string course. Projecting semicircular bay with inscription ".... lighted on the 14th of September 1804...". Wheel stair in tower. Single storey ancillary buildings.
INCHKEITH FORT AND BOUNDARY WALLS: rubble boundary walls including 50 yard stretch of wall (with loop-hole) from 16th century fort. Heraldic shield with royal coat-of-arms, dated 1564, over gateway.
Statement of Special Interest
Scheduled Ancient Monument. Building of the lighthouse involved removal of almost all of fort built by French after they captured the island from the English in 1549, and partially demolished in 1567. The lighthouse originally had 1 stationary light. In 1815 a heptagon (seven lenses revolving around a fixed burner) was installed, this revolving light was purchased by the Government of Newfoundland and installed on Cape Spear in 1835 after installation in 1834 of a dioptic lantern. In 1889 an octagon (8 lenses) and new machinery were installed. Now automated (1999).
NSA. NMRS Elevation (probably by Robert Stevenson 1824). R S Mylne's MASTER MASONS (1892), pp53-4, plan of French fort drawn by Robert Mylne in 1778. Grant OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH' pp 294-5. RCAHMS INVENTORY Ref 347. Groome's GAZETTEER VOL IV, p285. N MacDonald ISLANDS OF THE FORTH (1985), p20.
Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.
We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.
The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.
Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.
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