Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 36805 58261
336805, 658261


1710 corps-de-logis with later additions. 2 storey and basement classical country house; 5 bay corps-de-logis with 2 storey single bay links to 3 bay pavilions. Harled with polished sandstone ashlar dressings; long and short rusticated quoins. Base course; dividing band course; eaves course.

W (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: symmetrical. Corps-de-logis: balustraded stone steps to entrance added by J MacIntyre Henry, 1898; central doorway with engaged Ionic columns supporting Ionic entablature surmounted by balustraded balcony; armorial shield above; 2 leaf panelled timber door with brass handles; flanked by 2 windows; regular fenestration to 1st floor; segmental arched pediment above, with central oclulus and carved finials. Regular fenestration to ground and 1st floor of flanking bays. Links: late 18th century, raised 1 storey by J MacIntyre Henry in 1898; round arched windows with keystones to ground; single window to 1st floor. Pavilions: 3 bays; advanced; central bays further advanced with Venetian window to centre at ground; tripartite window with blind outer panes to 1st floor; regular fenestration to flanking bays; single window to 1st floor left return of right pavilion; basement with central tripartite window flanked by 2 single windows to left pavilion.

S ELEVATION: until recently attached to stable block; asymmetrical, 2 bay; window centred to ground of left bay flanked by timber panelled door to right with 3 pane fanlight; single window above to 1st floor; tripartite window to ground of bay to right with gabled window breaking eaves off centre to left at 1st floor.

E ELEVATION: corps-de-logis: symmetrical, 2 storey and basement, 5 bay; central bay bowed forward through 2 storeys and basement, circa 1800; segmental arched pediment behind; central doorway to ground reached by stone steps with wrought iron railings; 2 leaf glazed timber door with 3 pane fanlight; flanked by 2 single windows; regular fenestration to 1st floor and basement; replacement door to centre of basement; oculus to centre of pediment; decorative finials. Regular fenestration to flanking bays; with small windows to left hand bays of basement. Links: recessed 2 storey, 2 bay link to left with regular fenestration and 2 leaf boarded timber opening to right at ground. Recessed 2 storey link to right with timber panelled door to left of ground floor; open loggia to right of ground; irregular fenestration. Pavilions: advanced, symmetrical, 2 storey, 2 bay pavilion to right with regular fenestration. Advanced, asymmetrical, 2 storey, 2 bay pavilion to left; bowed window at ground to left bay with 2 pedimented windows breaking eaves above; timber panelled door with window to left at ground of bay to right; window to 1st floor; window to ground floor of right return.

N ELEVATION: asymmetrical, window in bay to left of ground floor; irregular fenestration to 1st floor.

Predominantly 12 pane timber sash and case windows. Piended grey slate roofs with lead ridges; 2 roof lights to E elevation. Cast iron rainwater goods. Corniced harled stacks with polished margins and circular cans; 4 breaking pitch of corps-de-logis, wallhead stacks to remainder.

INTERIOR: corps de logis: primarily 1898 recently re decorated (1997). Entered through small porch with mosaic floor to glazed oak door. Oak panelled entrance hall, originally also serving as ballroom; movable Ionic columns; oak fireplace with fluted frieze, flanked by Ionic pilasters; oak shutters. Depressed arches to left and right give access to remainder of house; galleried oak staircase to left, with barley sugar balusters, to 1st and attic floors. Remainder of ground floor principal rooms have oak panelling to dado and neo Classical style fireplaces (Adam imitation). Billiard room to S of ground floor with bowed window, Adam style plaster ceiling; original, circa 1710, timber corner fireplace with carved ogee frieze. 1st floor rooms similar to those at ground, but some with framed panelled walls and coved ceilings. Rooms in wings, either side of corridor, mainly bedrooms, bathrooms and sitting rooms with simple moulded cornicing and skirting boards. Attic not seen 1997.

GATEPIERS, GATES, BOUNDARY WALLS AND HA HA: main gates to NW of house. Polished ashlar coped gatepiers with chamfered margins and pyramidal caps; modern replacement gates; flat coped tooled coursed stone quadrant walls swept back to gates; rusticated fluted piers to angles with rubble walls and semi circular coping to policies. Stone Ha ha to E of house.

Statement of Special Interest

The house was built by John Mitchelson of Middleton who was an advocate and Assessor for the City of Edinburgh. Borthwick Castle was part of the estate from 1760, but as it became ruinous it was sold to the Borthwicks of Crookston at the beginning of the 19th century. Small suggests that the oak staircase originated in Borthwick Castle. In 1843 the estate was divided into 6 farms, and sold to Mr William Ritchie, who was responsible for the extending of the house by the addition of the wings. It was sold again to Sir Edward Moss in the late 19th century, who had J MacIntyre Henry increase the height of the wings and make some other alterations. After several other owners the Edinburgh Corporation took on the house in 1938, for use as a children's convalescent home. During the war it was an evacuation camp for children, and was eventually taken over by the Scottish National Camps Association in 1947, hence the many wooden huts in the grounds (some of which have fallen into disrepair). Stanley Ross-Smith connected the much altered stable court to the main house in 1962, when the House was intended to be made into a conference centre. Middleton House is a private house (1997).



J Sinclair, THE STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND, (1793), p263; THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND, Vol 1, (1845), p152, 176 177; 1st (1852) and 2nd (1892) Edition OS Maps; F H Groome (ed), ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND, (1882), Vol 5: p31, Vol 2: p332; J Small, CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF THE LOTHIANS, (1883), Vol 1; H Kirkland (ed), THE THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND: THE COUNTY OF MIDLOTHIAN, (1985), p223; C McWilliam, THE BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND: LOTHIAN EXCEPT EDINBURGH, (1978), p325 326; H Kirkland (ed), THE THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND: THE COUNTY OF MIDLOTHIAN, (1985), p223; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE, (RIAS), (1995), p121 122; NMRS Photographs, Conference Centre Notes, Estate and Sale Catalogue (Bell-Ingram, 1985); A Fraser, MIDLOTHIAN: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DISTRICT TO 1955, p25 27; LOANHEAD LOCAL STUDIES LIBRARY, Middleton File.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 06/06/2020 07:52