Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Group Category Details
100000019 - (see NOTES)
Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 39503 66419
339503, 666419


Robert Mitchell, circa 1795. Classical octagonal-plan temple with bell-roofed tempietto surmounting. Heavy rusticated base course. Dressed sandstone ashlar exterior; random sandstone and red brick interior.

ALL ELEVATIONS: central archway with plain wrought-iron railings (gate to entrance), plain plaque above; sloping sides flanking with blind rectangular window to ground floor, smaller blind window above; projecting corbelled course leading to low parapet; partially concealed roof above with platformed centre. Tempietto surmounting, comprising 8 sandstone Tuscan columns supporting ornate moulded frieze with corbelled cornice, lead cupola with metal finial surmounting.

Blind windows. Timber roof structure with bell-cast lead roof to main temple and lead dome on tempietto; red brick dome to interior of temple.

INTERIOR: plain stone and brick work; flagged floor.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an A-Group with Preston Hall, Stables, Gazebos and Lion's Gate. Robert Mitchell, who also designed the estate buildings, designed the temple. It was intended to be a mausoleum for the Hall's first owner (Alexander Callander, an Indian nabob) but was never used for this purpose. He died even before the main house could be finished. His brother (Sir John Callander) had the outstanding building work finished off, and it was he who put the final touches to the temple. He had the tempietto brought from Preston Hall's south gardens to adorn the top of the monument. Sited N of the main house, it is found at the end of a tree-lined vista, surrounded by a timber fence with wrought-iron railings in each entrance.



NMRS for James Knox, MAP OF THE SHIRE OF EDINBURGH (1812) showing Prestonhall. Thomas Carfrae, PLAN OF THE LANDS OF FORD WITH PORTIONS OF PRESTONHALL AND CRICHTON (1842, Edinburgh) lithographed estate plan showing layout of the parks and gardens, Scottish Record Office - Register House Plan 269. Rev J Dickson, CRANSTOUN: A PARISH HISTORY (1907) p137. C McWilliam, LOTHIAN (1978) p397. J Thomas MIDLOTHIAN (1995) p107.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 18/02/2019 16:06