Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 39065 65875
339065, 665875


Late 18th century. Free-standing cup and dome estate icehouse with single wing wall. Partly lime rendered with ashlar long and short quoins, sills and copes, rubble sandstone walls and brick interior.

NE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: boarded timber door within plain entrance doorway set in curved wall with flat copes: right wall full size sinking into natural hillside; left wall ending abruptly and adjoining low rubble and brick wing wall with flat copes set at ninety degrees.

Concealed by an artificial turfed earth mound with trees surmounting.

INTERIOR: passageway leading to inner doorway with sloped lintel; domed brick chamber beyond.

Statement of Special Interest

Icehouses were generally sited near to a source of ice, in this case situated on the E bank of the Tyne Water. As with most icehouses of the late 18th century, it is plain and faces (almost) north. It is sited at the top of a bank to facilitate drainage, to the west of the walled garden. It is part of a group of parkland structures linked to Preston Hall, a mansion rebuilt on the site of an earlier house. The icehouse is a good example of a type found in the Lothians. Foodstuffs were placed on a straw floor over the packed ice but these structures tended to go out of fashion by the 19th century, when it was feasible to import ice from America and Scandinavia. It was realistic that once packed with ice, it could remain cool for as long as three years.



NMRS for Thomas Carfrae, PLAN OF THE LANDS OF FORD WITH PORTIONS OF PRESTONHALL AND CRICHTON (1842, Edinburgh) lithographed estate plan showing layout of the parks of garden; Rev J Dickson, CRANSTOUN: A PARISH HISTORY (1907) pp 137-138; THE BOOK OF THE OLD EDINBURGH CLUB (Vol XXVIII, 1953) p124; Sylvia Beamon and Susan Roaf, ICEHOUSES OF BRITAIN (1990) also Tim Buxbaum, ICEHOUSES (1992) for background on icehouses; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN (1995) pp106-108.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 16/02/2019 17:14