Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

PRESTON HALL POLICIES, ICEHOUSELB778

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
14/09/1979
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Cranston
NGR
NT 39065 65875
Coordinates
339065, 665875

Description

Late 18th century. Free-standing cup and dome estate icehouse with single wing wall. Partly lime rendered with ashlar long and short quoins, sills and copes, rubble sandstone walls and brick interior.

NE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: boarded timber door within plain entrance doorway set in curved wall with flat copes: right wall full size sinking into natural hillside; left wall ending abruptly and adjoining low rubble and brick wing wall with flat copes set at ninety degrees.

Concealed by an artificial turfed earth mound with trees surmounting.

INTERIOR: passageway leading to inner doorway with sloped lintel; domed brick chamber beyond.

Statement of Special Interest

Icehouses were generally sited near to a source of ice, in this case situated on the E bank of the Tyne Water. As with most icehouses of the late 18th century, it is plain and faces (almost) north. It is sited at the top of a bank to facilitate drainage, to the west of the walled garden. It is part of a group of parkland structures linked to Preston Hall, a mansion rebuilt on the site of an earlier house. The icehouse is a good example of a type found in the Lothians. Foodstuffs were placed on a straw floor over the packed ice but these structures tended to go out of fashion by the 19th century, when it was feasible to import ice from America and Scandinavia. It was realistic that once packed with ice, it could remain cool for as long as three years.

References

Bibliography

NMRS for Thomas Carfrae, PLAN OF THE LANDS OF FORD WITH PORTIONS OF PRESTONHALL AND CRICHTON (1842, Edinburgh) lithographed estate plan showing layout of the parks of garden; Rev J Dickson, CRANSTOUN: A PARISH HISTORY (1907) pp 137-138; THE BOOK OF THE OLD EDINBURGH CLUB (Vol XXVIII, 1953) p124; Sylvia Beamon and Susan Roaf, ICEHOUSES OF BRITAIN (1990) also Tim Buxbaum, ICEHOUSES (1992) for background on icehouses; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN (1995) pp106-108.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/12/2018 05:29